NITI Aayog report says 13.5-cr. people lifted out of multidimensional poverty

Context: India has registered a significant decline of 9.89 percentage points in the number of multidimensionally poor, from 24.85% in 2015-16 to 14.96% in 2019-2021, says the “National multidimensional poverty index: a progress review, 2023”, released by NITI Aayog recently.

Findings of the report

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  • The study says nearly 13.5 crore people came out of multidimensional poverty during the period, assessed by identifying “acute deprivations in health, education and standard of living” using United Nations-approved parameters.
  • The report said rural areas witnessed the fastest decline in poverty from 32.59% to 19.28%, mainly due to a decrease in the number of multi-dimensionally poor in States such as Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and Rajasthan.
  • Delhi, Kerala, Goa, and Tamil Nadu have the least number of people facing multidimensional poverty, along with the Union Territories.
  • Bihar, Jharkhand, Meghalaya, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh top the chart where the percentage of the population which is multidimensionally poor is high.
  • Multidimensional poverty in urban areas, during the same period, saw a decrease from 8.65% to 5.27%.
  • Uttar Pradesh registered the largest decline in the number of poor with 3.43 crore people escaping multidimensional poverty.

About National Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)

  • The report has been prepared based on the latest National Family Heath Survey of 2019-21 and is the second edition of the National Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI).
  • The broad methodology followed is in consonance with the global methodology.
  • It said 12 parameters of health, education, and standard of living are examined in the report.

Mains Practice Question

What do you understand by Multidimensional Poverty? Critically analyse the efficacy of government initiatives in reducing Multidimensional Poverty. (250 words, 15 marks)

Source: The Hindu

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