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Tag: GS Paper 3

India’s alarming ‘fixed dose combination’ problem

Context: A new study reveals that a huge volume of unapproved and even banned fixed dose combinations (FDC) of antibiotics are being sold in India. In 2020, 60.5% FDCs of antibiotics were unapproved and another 9.9% were being sold despite being banned in India. […]

Caustic Soda (NaOH) – Properties & Uses

Caustic soda, also known as sodium hydroxide (NaOH), is a corrosive white crystalline solid.  It is strongly alkaline, meaning it readily dissolves in water and releases hydroxide ions (OH-), giving it a pH of around 14. It is primarily produced through electrolysis. This process […]

Success of conservation of Kiwis in New Zealand

Context: Conservationists have registered the first wild birth of two brown kiwi chicks in New Zealand in 150 years. This is being noted as a major success of conservation efforts. About KIWIS Distribution of Kiwis Threats to Kiwis

Declaration to Triple Nuclear Energy

Context: During the World Climate Action Summit of the 28th COP of UNFCCC, more than 20 countries from four continents launched the Declaration to Triple Nuclear Energy. About Declaration to Triple Nuclear Energy Importance of nuclear power for climate change Atoms4NetZero Initiative India’s Nuclear […]

Exercise MILAN

Context: India Navy is looking up to host its largest multilateral exercise early next year at Vishakhapatnam.  About Exercise MILAN

How Global Positioning System (GPS) work?

GPS, which stands for Global Positioning System, is a satellite-based navigation system. It is a network of satellites and receiving devices that allows users to determine their precise location (in latitude, longitude, and altitude) and obtain accurate time information anywhere on Earth. The original […]

Climate Vulnerable Forum

Context: Former Maldives president Mohamed Nasheed has said that Indian companies must invest in clean energy projects in ‘climate vulnerable’ countries. What is Climate vulnerable forum?  Establishment: Members: African & West Asian region: Asian & Pacific region Latin America & Caribbean region

Pilatus PC-7 Mk II Trainer Aircraft

Context: Two Indian Air Force (IAF) pilots were killed after their Pilatus PC-7 Mk II trainer aircraft crashed during a routine training flight from the Air Force Academy at Dundigal, Telangana. Trainer Aircraft About Pilatus PC-7 Mk II Will PC-7 Mk II be replaced?

What is Genome Sequencing? – Applications & Significance

What is Genome? What is Genome Sequencing? Applications of Genome Sequencing:  Genome Sequencing Projects:  Human Genome Project IndiGen: Genome India Project: Need of GIP:  Significance of GIP: By unravelling genetic variants unique to India’s population groups, the project has the potential to: Important genome […]

Deep Space Optical Communication (DSOC)

Context: NASA’s Psyche spacecraft, currently over 16 million kilometres away in space, successfully fired a laser signal at Earth. Components of Deep Space Optical Communication  NASA’s DSOC

X-Ray Polarimeter Satellite (XPoSat)

Context: Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has announced that India is set to launch its first X-ray Polarimeter Satellite (XPoSat) onboard the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) scheduled to be launched in December 2023.  X-Ray Polarimeter Satellite:  Payloads: Polarisation of light:  Polarimetry: Why X-rays? […]

Quantum Superposition and Entanglement

Quantum mechanics is a field of physics that describes the behaviour of matter and energy at the smallest scales, typically at the level of atoms and subatomic particles. Thus, it describes the behaviour and significance of small particles like atoms, electrons, and photons. Quantum […]

Asola Bhatti wildlife sanctuary

Context: Hearing a plea concerning encroachment and non-forest activities in the southern ridge forest, the Delhi High court was told by amicus curiae appointed in the matter that Delhi’s government’s forest department is going to organize a “cyclothon and walkathon” inside Asola wildlife sanctuary. […]

What is an optical fibre?

An optical fibre is a thin, flexible, and transparent fibre made of glass (high quality silica) or plastic that is used to transmit information in the form of light pulses. These fibres can carry information, such as text, images, videos, telephone calls, and anything […]

Human Endogenous Retrovirus Subfamily H

Context: Studies published on Human Endogenous Retrovirus Subfamily H (HERVH), a virus-like gene that helps maintain pluripotency, suggest that it has the potential to develop regenerative medicines.  Process of Embryonic Development: Human Endogenous Retrovirus Subfamily H (HERVH):  Role of HERVH in Prevention of Transposon […]

What is rat-hole mining?

Context: Efforts to rescue 41 workers trapped in the collapsed Silkyara-Barkot tunnel have faced setbacks. Now having tried several methods, the rescue team is now planning to drill through the remaining few meters using the practice of rat-hole mining. Rat Hole Mining Why Prevalent […]

Direct Beneficiary Transfer

The DBT(Direct Beneficiary Transfer) is a scheme, where the welfare benefits provided by the Government are directly credited to the bank or postal account of the accurately identified beneficiary.  Most of the welfare benefits provided by the union and state governments are being delivered […]

Decentralised Autonomous Organisations

Context: The idea behind Decentralised Autonomous Organisations (DAO) is to create self-sustaining, community-driven entities governed by smart contracts on blockchain networks. However, the legality and regulatory framework surrounding DAOs remain a topic of debate.  Decentralised Autonomous Organisation:  Unique features: Various use cases:  Challenges: 

What is the Piezoelectric effect?

Piezoelectric effect is the ability of a material to generate an electric charge in response to an applied mechanical stress or pressure.

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