Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome

Context: The Supreme Court granted an exception under the Surrogacy (Regulation) Act, 2021 to a woman suffering from Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH).

Major Highlights:

  • The SC stayed the operation of Rule 7 of the Surrogacy (Regulation) Act, 2021, to allow a woman suffering from the MRKH Syndrome to undergo surrogacy using a donor egg.
    • In India, there is no fundamental right to surrogacy and that the Act aims to regulate it.
    • Rule 7 of the Surrogacy Act bans use of donor eggs for the procedure, i.e., out of three things, the sperm, egg and the womb, two must be of the intending couple. 

Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome:

  • MRKH is a rare congenital disorder that affects the female reproductive system. It is also known as Rokitansky syndrome.
  • Its characteristic feature is an underdeveloped or absent uterus and vagina, but functioning ovaries and female chromosome pattern. Because of which it becomes difficult for a woman to get pregnant and bear children.
  • MRKH is present at birth, but doctors may not discover it until the person reaches adolescence and does not have a menstrual cycle. 
  • Symptoms can vary significantly between people. There are two types of MRKH syndrome: Type 1 and Type 2. 

Type 1 is the more common type and only affects the vagina and uterus. 

Type 2 is less common. It affects areas outside the reproductive system, such as the kidneys, ears, skeleton, and heart or cardiovascular system.

Read also: Regulation of Assisted Reproductive Technology & Surrogacy

Q) Consider the following statements about Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome:

  1. Its characteristic feature is malfunctioning ovaries.
  2. This syndrome is not present at birth which leads to late detection.
  3. All patients suffering from it show the same symptoms.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. Only one
  2. Only two
  3. All three
  4. None

Answer: (d) 

Source: The Hindu

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