Results for

Tag: Science & Technology

India’s alarming ‘fixed dose combination’ problem

Context: A new study reveals that a huge volume of unapproved and even banned fixed dose combinations (FDC) of antibiotics are being sold in India. In 2020, 60.5% FDCs of antibiotics were unapproved and another 9.9% were being sold despite being banned in India. […]

Caustic Soda (NaOH) – Properties & Uses

Caustic soda, also known as sodium hydroxide (NaOH), is a corrosive white crystalline solid.  It is strongly alkaline, meaning it readily dissolves in water and releases hydroxide ions (OH-), giving it a pH of around 14. It is primarily produced through electrolysis. This process […]

Declaration to Triple Nuclear Energy

Context: During the World Climate Action Summit of the 28th COP of UNFCCC, more than 20 countries from four continents launched the Declaration to Triple Nuclear Energy. About Declaration to Triple Nuclear Energy Importance of nuclear power for climate change Atoms4NetZero Initiative India’s Nuclear […]

How Global Positioning System (GPS) work?

GPS, which stands for Global Positioning System, is a satellite-based navigation system. It is a network of satellites and receiving devices that allows users to determine their precise location (in latitude, longitude, and altitude) and obtain accurate time information anywhere on Earth. The original […]

Pilatus PC-7 Mk II Trainer Aircraft

Context: Two Indian Air Force (IAF) pilots were killed after their Pilatus PC-7 Mk II trainer aircraft crashed during a routine training flight from the Air Force Academy at Dundigal, Telangana. Trainer Aircraft About Pilatus PC-7 Mk II Will PC-7 Mk II be replaced?

What is Genome Sequencing? – Applications & Significance

What is Genome? What is Genome Sequencing? Applications of Genome Sequencing:  Genome Sequencing Projects:  Human Genome Project IndiGen: Genome India Project: Need of GIP:  Significance of GIP: By unravelling genetic variants unique to India’s population groups, the project has the potential to: Important genome […]

Deep Space Optical Communication (DSOC)

Context: NASA’s Psyche spacecraft, currently over 16 million kilometres away in space, successfully fired a laser signal at Earth. Components of Deep Space Optical Communication  NASA’s DSOC

X-Ray Polarimeter Satellite (XPoSat)

Context: Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has announced that India is set to launch its first X-ray Polarimeter Satellite (XPoSat) onboard the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) scheduled to be launched in December 2023.  X-Ray Polarimeter Satellite:  Payloads: Polarisation of light:  Polarimetry: Why X-rays? […]

Quantum Superposition and Entanglement

Quantum mechanics is a field of physics that describes the behaviour of matter and energy at the smallest scales, typically at the level of atoms and subatomic particles. Thus, it describes the behaviour and significance of small particles like atoms, electrons, and photons. Quantum […]

What is an optical fibre?

An optical fibre is a thin, flexible, and transparent fibre made of glass (high quality silica) or plastic that is used to transmit information in the form of light pulses. These fibres can carry information, such as text, images, videos, telephone calls, and anything […]

Human Endogenous Retrovirus Subfamily H

Context: Studies published on Human Endogenous Retrovirus Subfamily H (HERVH), a virus-like gene that helps maintain pluripotency, suggest that it has the potential to develop regenerative medicines.  Process of Embryonic Development: Human Endogenous Retrovirus Subfamily H (HERVH):  Role of HERVH in Prevention of Transposon […]

What is the Piezoelectric effect?

Piezoelectric effect is the ability of a material to generate an electric charge in response to an applied mechanical stress or pressure.

Aurora Borealis

Auroras: What makes this happen?  Do other planets get auroras? 

What are Eclipses?

Context: Eclipses, the celestial body phenomenon with socio-cultural significance, have a wide influence on human activities. In this article, we are going to explore the different types of eclipses that occur in the Sun’s solar system. Solar Eclipses: Lunar Eclipses:  Phases of the Moon:  […]

AGNI Initiative of CCRAS

Context: CCRAS under Ministry of Ayush has launched AGNI Initiative to promote innovations by Ayurveda Practitioners. About AGNI Initiative About CCRAS

Gamma-Ray Bursts: Explained

What are Gamma-ray Bursts? Gamma-ray Bursts (GRBs) are extremely energetic explosions that produce intense flashes of gamma rays lasting from a few seconds to several minutes. Based on their duration, there are two kinds – Short GRBs that last 2 seconds or less and […]

Robotics: Types, Applications and Challenges 

Context: While Amazon continues to develop and deploy robotic systems in some of its warehouses in different parts of the world, the company has not tested robots in any of its facilities in India, raising questions about the capability of India’s robotic ecosystems. The […]

Genetic Chimaeras

Context: In a recent study, scientists have reported successful generation of a live chimaera in non-human primates – species evolutionarily close to humans. This is the first time scientists have succeeded in producing a live infant chimeric monkey.  Genetic Chimaera Natural Chimaeras among Humans: […]

Understanding Technology behind Generative Pre-Trained Transformer

Context: India will explore building large language models says Principal Scientific Advisor of India. Natural Language Processing (NLP):  Understanding Large Language Model:  Transformer Model:   Process of Tokenisation  In this model, the grammar of the output may not be correct as in reality, the transformer […]

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