Context: According to the National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO), four out of five organ recipients in India between 1995 and 2021 were men.
- It is a National level organisation set up under Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
- It functions as an apex organisation for activities related to procurement, allotment and distribution of organs in the country.
- It has two divisions: (a) National Human Organ and Tissue Removal and Storage Network; (b) National Biomaterial Centre.
National Human Organ and Tissue Removal and Storage Network
- It functions as apex centre for all India activities of coordination and networking for procurement and distribution of organs and Tissues and registry of organs and tissues donation and transplantation in the country.
- This has been mandated as per the Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act 2011.
National Biomaterial Centre/ National Tissue Bank
- The main thrust & objective of establishing the centre is to fill up the gap between ‘Demand’ and ‘Supply’ as well as ‘Quality Assurance’ in the availability of various tissues.
- The Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act 2011 has included the component of tissue donation and registration of tissue Banks.