Arunachal Pradesh farmers’ body rejects 10,000 MW hydropower plan on Siang River

Context: Siang Indigenous Farmers’ Forum (SIFF), a peasants’ organisation, and the Indigenous Rights Advocacy Dibang (IRAD) have urged the state government to withdraw a pact for executing the proposed 10,000 MW hydropower project on the Siang River.

About Siang River

  • The Tsangpo – Yarlung Zangbo, as it is known in Chinaenters Arunachal Pradesh, where it is known as the Dihang (or Siang) River.
  • It turns towards the south and enters Assam, where it is joined by two mountain streams, the Lohit and the Dibang, and thereafter it is known as the Brahmaputra.
  • It meanders through the heartland of Arunachal Pradesh, inhabited by the Adis.
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Who are the Adi Tribes?

  • It is one of the major tribes of Northeast India.
  • It consists of 14 sub-tribes, namely Ashing, Bori, Bokar, Karko, Komkar, Minyong, Millang, Pasi, Padam, Panggi, Pailibo, Ramo, Shimong and Tangam.
  • They are predominantly inhabited in sub-tropical regions of the Siang belt and Dibang Valley of Arunachal Pradesh.
  • They have Mongoloid features patriarchal society, and possess a strong base of traditional knowledge about forest structure and ecosystem function.
  • They mostly follow the age-old tradition of Animism known as “Donyi Polo”, and practice jhum for their agriculture.
  • The Adi people speak a language also called Adi, which is distantly related to Chinese and Tibetan languages.

UPSC Prelims PYQ (2014):

Q. Consider the following rivers

1.  Barak

2. Lohit

3. Subansiri

Which of the above flows/flow through Arunachal Pradesh?

(a)  1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Ans. (b)

UPSC Prelims PYQ (2014)

Q. Every year, a monthlong ecologically important campaign/festival is held during which certain communities/ tribes plant saplings of fruit-bearing trees.

Which of the following are such communities/tribes?

(a) Bhutia and Lepcha

(b) Gond and Korku

(c) Irula and Toda

(d) Sahariya and Agariya

Ans. (b)

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