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Tag: GS Paper 1

Garba of Gujarat makes it to UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage list

Context: During its 18th session held in Kasane, Botswana, in 2023, the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage added the ‘Garba of Gujarat’ to the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. This inclusion marks India’s 15th inscription on […]

Climate change is making the world sick

Context – For the first time ever at COP 28, the impacts climate change on health has been discussed.  Recently IPCC report for the first time ever has noted that climate change has adversely affected the physical and mental health of people globally. What […]

Cyclone Michaung

Context: Cyclone Michaung is the first cyclone to cross the Andhra Pradesh coast after cyclone Gulab which developed in September 2021. About Cyclone Michaung Naming of cyclone: Guidelines to adopt names of cyclones

Indonesia’s Marapi volcano erupts

Context: Indonesia’s Marapi volcano in West Sumatra erupted on Sunday, spewing volcanic ash as high as 3,000 m into the air.  VOLCANISM & VOLCANICITY VOLCANO ANATOMY When volcanoes erupt, magma moves upward from a magma chamber and into a vent or conduit. It flows […]

Kolkali Art

Context: The mothers’ grouping of the Thrissur Archdiocese performed ‘Kolkali, a folk art’, on the Lour des Metropolitan Cathedral premises in remembrance of St. Thomas’ arrival in India. About Kolkali Art:

What is Domestic Violence?

Context: Forty years after the introduction of the domestic violence provision in the Indian Penal Code, women are still at risk of having their complaints dismissed or disbelieved by police and judiciary. About domestic violence Protection of Women from domestic violence Act 2005 (PWDVA): […]

Migrant Workers

Context: The migrant labor force plays vital role in nation’s growth and development, but they are often disregarded and considered forgotten citizens. Moreover, the state mechanisms show lack of care and attention towards the migrant workers. About migrant workers Factors for migration: Status of […]

Gwalior listed as ‘City of Music’ under UNESCO’s Creative Cities Network

Context: Gwalior, in Madhya Pradesh, earned a place in UNESCO’s Creative Cities Network for ‘Music’, in recognition of its steadfast dedication to nurturing culture and creativity. The state’s profound cultural legacy is evident in UNESCO-listed landmarks such as the prehistoric rock art caves of […]

‘Ghol Fish’ – State Fish of Gujarat

Context: The black-spotted croaker, or the ghol fish — considered a fisherman’s lottery — was declared the state fish of Gujarat. Why Declare a State Fish? About the Ghol Fish

Art historian B N Goswamy’s work on Indian miniature painting tradition

Context: Renowned Indian art historian and critic Brijinder Nath Goswamy, celebrated for his extensive research on the Indian miniature painting tradition, has recently passed away in Chandigarh after battling prolonged illness. As a recipient of the Padma Bhushan, Goswamy gained prominence following the release […]

Sant Mirabai Janmotsav

Context: ‘Sant Mirabai Janmotsav,’ an event dedicated to celebrating the 525th birth anniversary of Sant Mirabai is scheduled to take place in Mathura, Uttar Pradesh. During the event, the Prime Minister will unveil a commemorative stamp and coin as a tribute to Mirabai. This […]

Lachit Borphukan

Context: An animated masterpiece, titled ‘Lachit: The Warrior,’ chronicling the heroic exploits of the iconic Ahom general Lachit Barphukan, has earned a prestigious spot in the Indian Panorama section of the International Film Festival of India (IFFI) 2023, set to unfold in Goa. Crafted […]

The Klyuchevskoy volcano

Context: The Klyuchevskoy volcano, one of the highest active volcanoes in the world, erupts in Russia’s northern Kamchatka Peninsula. About The Klyuchevskoy volcano  Kamchatka Peninsula Location: It is located in far eastern Russia. It is bordered by the Sea of Okhotsk on the west […]

Women & Judiciary

Context: A study of over 4 lakh FIRs in Haryana has found that not only are cases of violence against women, in which women are the primary complainants, less likely to be registered and more likely to be dismissed in court or result in […]

Areca Nut – Explained

Context: Dried areca nuts, which attract 100% import duty the legal way, have been smuggled in from Myanmar over the past few years. Mizoram’s farmers are battling to protect their livelihoods from this threat. Areca Nuts Climatic Condition Varieties of Betel Nut: In India […]

Jehovah’s Witnesses: Christian group with no-war stand

Context: Tragedy unfolded during a prayer assembly of the Jehovah’s Witnesses community near Kochi, Kerala, leading to the unfortunate loss of two lives and several injuries. This distressing occurrence took place at the Zamra International Convention and Exhibition Centre, where around 2,500 devoted individuals […]


Context: Begum Munawwar-ul-Nisa, the wife of the last ruler of Malerkotla, Nawab Iftikhar Ali Khan, recently passed away. Malerkotla, a town in Punjab, is home to the renowned 19th-century Mubarak Manzil Palace. This historic palace is not only architecturally significant but also holds deep […]

Ghiyas-ud-din Balban (1216-1287)

Context: The Lieutenant Governor of Delhi unveiled six renovations in Mehrauli’s Archaeological Park, with one of the monuments being the restoration of the 13th-century tomb of Balban. About Ghiyas-ud-din Balban Introduction: Early Life:  Military Campaigns:  Balban achieved several military feats: Reign as Sultan: After […]

Biggest Chinese Antarctic fleet sails to build research station

Context: China has sent its biggest fleet comprising two icebreakers and a cargo vessel to Antarctica. China aims to establish its fifth research station on the world’s southernmost continent.  Antarctica Treaty Antarctica is the only continent in the world where there has never been […]

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