50 years of Project Tiger & Tiger translocation


  • Project Tiger is in its 50th year since its launch in 1973, in India. 
  • In its 50th year, India has signed an MOU with Cambodia for reintroducing tigers (species: Panthera tigris) there through translocation. 
  • In Cambodia the species have become extinct.
  • So far, India has only translocated tigers within the country, not internationally. This will be the first time India will do so.
  • In 2022, African Cheetahs were successfully translocated from Namibia to India. It was the first wild to wild intercontinental translocation.

About Project Tiger


  • It was launched in 1973 from Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand to save the declining tigers population. It is a major wildlife conservation project in India.
  • At that time, Project Tiger included 9 tiger reserves spread over 18,278 sq km. 
  • It is governed by the Wildlife Act of 1972.
  • The initiative is funded by the Union Govt. of India and administrated under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change.
  • National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) is the immediate supervising agency.


  • To identify factors causing a reduction in tiger habitats and mitigate them through suitable management practices. 
  • To maintain a viable tiger population for their economic, ecological, cultural, and aesthetic significance. 

Present Status

  • Currently, there are 53 tiger reserves covering more than 75,000 sq km (approximately 2.4% of the country’s geographical area) across India. 
  • With the current population of about 3,000 tigers, India harbours more than 70% of global wild tiger population, which is increasing at an annual rate of 6%.
  • India has the largest number of CAT-accredited tiger reserves in the world at 17.
  • Compensation for voluntary village relocation has also been enhanced from Rs 10 lakh per family to Rs 15 lakh in order to aid tiger conservation.

Conservation Status

  • Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 – Schedule 1
  • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List: Endangered.
  • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES): Appendix I.

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