Context: Narges Mohammadi, an Iranian activist, won the Nobel Peace Prize for her efforts towards women’s rights and democracy.
About Narges Mohammadi
- She has won the Nobel Prize for her fight against the oppression of women in Iran and her fight to promote human rights and freedom for all.
- She is the 19th Woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize and the second Iranian Woman, after Shirin Ebadi (won Nobel Peace Prize in 2003).
About Nobel Peace Prize
- It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine and Literature.
- It is awarded by a committee elected by the Norwegian Parliament (Stortinget).
- It is awarded for the Outstanding contributions to peace: arms reduction, international cooperation, and organisations contributing to peace, and human rights contributions to peace.
- It was first awarded in 1901. It was divided equally between Jean Henry Dunant “for his humanitarian efforts to help wounded soldiers and create international understanding” and Frédéric Passy “for his lifelong work for international peace conferences, diplomacy and arbitration”.
- Only two recipients have won multiple Prizes: the International Committee of the Red Cross has won three times (1917, 1944, and 1963) and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has won twice (1954 and 1981).