Legend of Sammakka-Sarakka


Context: Recently, Union Cabinet Ministry, approved a tribal university for Telangana-‘the Sarakka Central Tribal University’. The Central Government announced the establishment of the university as a part of the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014. The University is to be named after Sammakka-Sarakka, revered by the local tribal community. 

Sammakka-Sarakka Jatara:

  • As per the legends, Sammakka was married to a feudal chief of the Kakatiyas dynasty (ruled over the Warangal region). Sarakka/Saralamma was the daughter of Sammakka. 
  • Kakatiya dynasty ruler, Prataprudra imposed taxes on the Koya tribe and later declared battle on the tribe when the chief was not able to pay the taxes. 
    • The Sammakka Sarakka Jathara/Medaram Jathara, a biennial festival is celebrated to commemorate this battle of the 13th-century, in which the mother-daughter duo participated against the local rulers in protest against the imposition of taxes.
    • Sammakka and Sarakka are worshipped as the protector of Koya tribe. 
    • The festival shows no Vedic or Brahmanic influence.
    • The ritual of the festival includes taking holy dip in Jampanna Vagu (a stream), a tributary of River Godavari. 
    • From Medaram, the Jathara begins and priests belonging to Koya tribe perform the rituals. Medaram is situated in the Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary, a part of Dandakaranya forest. 
    • Various tribal and non-tribal communities participate in the festival, from Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chattishgarh, Odisha, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Jharkhand. 
    • It is the second largest fair of India, and is often referred to as the Kumbh Mela of the tribals. 
    • The festival is declared a state festival by the Telangana government.

Prelims Previous Year Question (2018)

Q 7. Consider the following pairs:

         Tradition                                  State 

1.Chapchar Kut festival            Mizoram

2.Khongjom Parba ballad        Manipur

3.Thang-Ta dance                     Sikkim

Which of the pairs given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 3 only

(d) 2 and 3

Answer: (b)

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