Context: Forest officials of Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary (Kerala), have reported an incidence of firing by suspected Maoists.
Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary
- It is situated in the southeastern part of the Kannur district in the state of Kerala.
- It is located on the western slopes of Western Ghats
- Aralam is Kerala’s northernmost wildlife sanctuary.
- The Cheenkannipuzha / Cheenkanni River forms the main drainage system on the southern side.
- Narikkadavuthodu, Kurukkathodu and Meenumuttithodu from the northern upper reaches, they flow southwards to join Cheenkannipuzha.
- Forest: The wildlife sanctuary exhibits a variety of forests which includes
- West Coast tropical evergreen forest.
- West Coast semi-evergreen forests.
- South Indian moist deciduous forest
- Southern hilltop evergreen forest and plantations
- This is the only protected area of the West Coast Tropical Evergreen forest of Dipterocarpus-Mesua-Palaquium type.
- Dipterocarpus-Mesua-Palaquium – These forests occur in areas adjoining tropical wet evergreen, and form a transition between the evergreen and moist deciduous forests.
Flora and Fauna :
- Surrounded and adjoined by the continuous forests of Kodagu and Wayanad, this sanctuary harbours a wide variety of fauna and flora which belong to the Western Ghats indigenousness.
- It is home to a wide variety of species of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fishes.
- Elephant, Gaur, Tiger, Panther,Sambar, Spotted deer, Barking deer, Wild boar, Sloth bear, Nilgiri langur, Bonnet macaque, Common langur, Wild dog, common otter, Malabar giant squirrel etc are the major mammals.
|The presence of Malabar Slender Loris with other five primate species is one of the main highlights of the sanctuary.|
The unique geographical and climatical conditions of the sanctuary help in sustaining a wide variety of butterflies too. Well-known for its butterflies and butterfly migration, Aralam is also called the “Land of Butterflies”.