Jamrani Dam: Multipurpose Project under PMKSY

Jamrani Dam

Context: Cabinet committee on Economic Affairs approved central support to Uttarakhand for the proposed Jamrani dam project in Nainital district.

Jamrani Dam

  • The project envisages the construction of a dam near Jamrani village across river Gola, a tributary of the Ram Ganga, in Nainital district.
  • This project included under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana-Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme.
  • The dam will feed the existing Gola barrage through its canal.
  • The multipurpose project is scheduled to be completed by 2028.
  • The project will provide drinking water to Haldwani. 
  • Hydroelectricity power generation of 63.9 million units housing a 14 MW power plant.
  • It will provide water for irrigation across 57000 hectares of land in Nainital, Udham Singh Nagar, Bareilly, and Rampur district.

About Ramganga and River Gola

image 72
  • The Ramganga River originates in the southern slopes of Dudhatoli Hill in Chamoli district of the Indian state of Uttarakhand.
  • It flows through the Dun valley of the Corbett National Park and joins the Ganga near Kannauj in Uttar Pradesh.
    • River Gola: – It originates in the Paharpani Village of Uttarakhand state, and flows south and finally joining the Ramganga River about 15 km (9.3 mi) northwest of Bareilly in Uttar Pradesh, Ramganga in turn is a tributary of the river Ganges.
    •  It is mainly a spring fed river; this river is source of water for Haldwani and Kathgodam. 
    • A beautiful dam exists over this river in Kathgodam.

Ganga river system: Tributaries & River valley projects

  • It originates from Gangotri glacier near Gaumukh in Uttarkashi district in Uttarakhand. It forms various prayags (confluence of two rivers) as shown below:
  • Alaknanda + Dhauliganga = Vishnuprayag
  • Alaknanda + Pindar = Karnaprayag
  • Alaknanda + Mandakinin = Rudraprayag
  • Alaknanda + Bhagirathi = Devaprayag

When Ganga reaches West Bengal, it gets divided into two distributaries called Bhagirathi and Hugli. Damodar river is the tributary of Hugli. The main river goes into Bangladesh where it is first called Meghna and then Padma which then enters Bay of Bengal. 

Major tributary of River Ganga

image 73
  • Yamuna, Karmanasa, Punpun, Son. (Right)
  • Ramganga, Gomti, Ghagra, Kosi, Mahananda. (left)

River Valley Projects On Ganga River System

Tehri projectConstructed at confluence of Bhilangana and Bhagirathi.
Region is prone to earthquake (Zone V).
Ramganga projectOn river Ramganga
Tanakpur projectOn river Kali
Rihand projectConstructed in Sonebhadra district of U. P
The reservoir is named Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar.
Bansagar project On son river in Sahdol, MP.
Matatila projectOn river Betwa Joint project of UP & MP.
Chambal projectJoint project of Rajasthan and M.P Three dams are built:
Gandhi Sagar at Chaurasigarh,
M. P Rana Pratap Sagar at Rawatbhata,
Rajasthan Jawahar Sagar at Kota, Rajasthan
Damodar valley projectMultipurpose project Main dam is built on Panchet hills.
Mayurkashi projectIn Jharkhand also known as Canada dam

Previous Year Question (2015)

Consider the following rivers:

1. Vamsadhara

2. Indravati

3. Pranahita

4. Pennar

Which of the above are tributaries of Godavari?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 2, 3 and 4 only

(c) 1, 2 and 4 only

(d) 2 and 3 only

Answer (d)


Vamsadhara and Pennar are not tributary of Godavari.

Practice questions

Consider the following rivers:

1. Ramganga

2. Mahananda

3. Gomti

4. Purna

How many of the above rivers are tributary of Ganga?

(a) Only One

(b) Only Two

(c) Only three

(d) All four



Purna is tributary of Godavari.

Ramganga, Mahananda and Gomti are tributary of Ganga.

Source: The Hindu

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