International Big Cat Alliance(IBCA)

Context: Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently launched the International Big Cats Alliance (IBCA) during his visit to Karnataka.


  • The alliance aims to reach out to 97 range countries covering the natural habitats of Tiger, Lion, Snow Leopard, Puma, Jaguar, and Cheetah. 
  • It aims to provide a platform for “dissemination of information on benchmarked practices, capacity building, resources repository, research and development, awareness creation”, etc., on the protection and conservation of big cats.


  • The alliance will strengthen global efforts and partnerships on big cat conservation while creating a platform for sharing knowledge and best practices
  • It will support existing species-specific inter-governmental platforms and provide direct support to recovery efforts in potential range habitats.
  • The alliance aims to strengthen global efforts and partnerships to preserve the natural habitats of big cats, secure ecosystems, and provide food security, livelihood, and sustenance to forest communities. 
  • Big cats will now serve as mascots for sustainable development, leading to environmental resilience and climate change mitigation. 

Governance structure:

  • The IBCA’s governance structure will comprise a General Assembly consisting of all member countries, a council of at least seven but not more than 15 member countries elected by the General Assembly for a term of 5 years, and a Secretariat. 
  • Upon the recommendation of the Council, the General Assembly will appoint the IBCA Secretary General for a specific term.


  • After the first five years, which will be supported by India’s “total grant assistance” of $100 million, the IBCA is expected to sustain itself through membership fees, and contributions from bilateral and multilateral institutions and the private sector.


Q. Among the following Tiger Reserves, which one has the largest area under “Critical Tiger Habitat?

(a) Corbett

(b) Ranthambore

(c) Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam

(d) Sunderbans 

Ans. (c)

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