Deccan High-level Principles on Food Security & Nutrition

Context: G20 Agriculture Ministers’ meeting in Hyderabad published the Deccan High-Level Principles of Food Security & Nutrition 2023.

Salient features of Deccan High-Level Principle of Food Security & Nutrition

The Deccan High-Level Principles are based on a mapping exercise report prepared by FAO, World Bank & World Trade Organisation, on the request of G20 Agriculture & Finance Ministers in 2022, to guide efforts in addressing global food insecurity.

Global food security and persistent forms of malnutrition aggravated by climate change, geopolitical tensions and conflicts and other systemic shocks is a collective challenge that necessitates concerted actions to achieve zero hunger under the 2030 Agenda.

  • Principle 1: Facilitate Humanitarian Assistance to Countries & Populations in Vulnerable Situations
    • Increase multisectoral humanitarian aid including actively coordinating efforts to enhance the levels and efficiency of humanitarian food assistance in response to crises & conflicts.
    • Develop innovative strategies through policy collaboration to address challenges faced by populations in vulnerable situations.
  • Principle 2: Enhance Availability & Access to Nutritious Food & Strengthen Food Safety Nets
    • Encourage policies & programs targeting sustainable production of food, including supporting net food-importing developing countries.
    • Fostering progressive realisation of the right to adequate food for national food security, improve consistent access and availability of safe, affordable, diverse & nutritious food.
    • Promote targeted food & cash-based safety net programs sharing best practices with countries in need of effective policy, program design & implementation.
  • Principle 3: Strengthen Policies & Collaborative Actions for Climate Resilient & Sustainable Agriculture & Food Systems
    • Strengthen policies and accelerate cooperation for sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources and agricultural inputs to promote sustainable agricultural production and productivity growth.
    • Collaborate on developing sustainable, scalable & inclusive technologies, practices & innovations to address climate change and biodiversity loss. 
  • Principle 4: Strengthen Resilience & Inclusivity in Agriculture & Food Value Chains
    • Enhance the resilience of value chains at local, regional & global levels to withstand short-run disruptions and shocks by strengthening infrastructure, reducing food losses & waste, developing & implementing risk management policies
    • Work together to improve market transparency, timely sharing of reliable information for monitoring the food market & shape consequent policy responses.
    • Facilitate, open, fair, predictable & rules-based agriculture & food trade, avoid export restrictions & reduce market distortions, under relevant WTO rules.
  • Principle 5: Promote the One Health Approach
    • Implement the One Health approach by accelerating the global fight against anti-microbial resistance.
    • Preventing, reducing & managing the risk of zoonotic diseases and other biological threats to agriculture & food security.
  • Principle 6: Accelerate Innovation & Use of Digital Technology
    • Foster scalable innovations & technologies that support transformation towards sustainable food systems,
    • Facilitate affordable and inclusive access to digital infrastructure
    • Promote the development & safe application of digital tools tailored to various needs of the agriculture sector.
    • Strengthen capacity-building efforts for the adoption and utilisation of technologies & digital solutions to empower all farming communities, including smallholders.
  • Principle 7: Scale up responsible public & private investments in agriculture
    • Encourage responsible investments in all sources of infrastructure 
    • Research & innovations to support the development of sustainable 
    • Climate resilient & smart agriculture 
    • Productivity-enhancing technologies and practices 
    • Productivity-enhancing technologies and practices 
    • Diversification of food systems 
    • Dissemination of technology 
    • Rural revitalisation and improvement of value chain efficiency
    • Promote public-private partnerships to leverage private investment
    • Stimulate private sector investment and facilitate access to finance to encourage the participation of youth in agriculture
    • Develop complementary businesses.

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