Angkor wat Temple

India is currently working on the restoration project of 12th Century sites at the Angkor Temple in Cambodia.

About the Angkor Temple

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  • Angkor Wat in Siem Reap, Cambodia is the largest religious monument in the world.
  • Literally means ‘City Temple’.
  • Dedicated to Lord Vishnu (protector in Cambodia). However previous kings of Khmer dynasty were Shaivite.
  • Patron of Angkor Wat was King Suryavarman II (Khmer empire), whose name translates as the “protector of the sun.
  • Duration: 1116-1150 C.E.
  • It is designed to represent Mount Meru, home of the devas in Hindu mythology: within a moat more than 5 kilometres (3 mi) long and an outer wall 3.6 kilometres (2.2 mi) long are three rectangular galleries, each raised above the next.
  • Carvings in the temple shows eight different stories of Hindu mythology (e.g. Amrit Manthan).
  • Material used: Grey sandstone.
  • Since the fifteenth century, Buddhists have used the temple and visitors today will see, among the thousands of visitors, Buddhist monks and nuns who worship at the site.

About the Khmer Dynasty:

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  • Also known as Angkorian Empire or Khambuja.
  • Duration: 802-1431 CE
  • Founder: King Jayavarman II
  • Angkor was their capital city.
  • Important contribution: Angkor Wat, Angkor City and Bayon Buddhist temples.
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