According to the principle of Parliamentary Sovereignty as practiced in Britain, Parliament is the supreme law-making authority and no institution can set aside its laws. This principle is not followed in India due to the established norm of constitutional supremacy.
|Parliamentary Sovereignty in Britain||Constitutional Supremacy in India|
|Strengthened through unwritten constitution which largely comprises of various legislations or statutes, precedents, rules etc.||Strengthened due to written constitution and ethics of constitutionalism which acts as check on Parliament.|
Constitution is a reflect of people’s will.
|No checks and balances on Parliament as judiciary or executive cannot set aside an Act of Parliament.||Checks & Balances |
-Article 13 expressly bars Parliament from enacting laws which curb fundamental rights.
-Federal provisions: Parliament cannot enact legislations on state subjects.
-Expanded by Basic Structure doctrine which even limits Parliaments constituent power.
There are many similarities in Parliamentary functioning of India and Britain but India because of a written constitution ensured legitimate check on unbridled powers of the Parliament through an empowered an independent judiciary.
|Polity Mains PYQ||Modern History Mains PYQ|
|Geography Mains PYQ||Economy Mains PYQ|
|Indian Society Mains PYQ||Environment Mains PYQ|