The newly tri-nation partnership AUKUS is aimed at countering China’s ambitions in the Indo-Pacific region. Is it going to supersede the existing partnerships in the region? Discuss the strength and impact of AUKUS in the present scenario.

Sample Answer


AUKUS is a military partnership formed by US, UK and Australia wherein US is transferring Critical Nuclear Submarine Technology to Australia in order to counter Chinese Influence.


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Impact on Existing partnerships

  • It complements similar arrangements for the region, including the Five Eyes initiative, ASEAN and the Quad.
  • In a multipolar world devoid of clear alliances, mini-lateral engagements like AUKUS does not necessarily overshadow the existing partnerships like Quad because of the common agenda of Free and open Indo-pacific and ASEAN centrality.
  • The impact on existing partnerships would depend upon the Synergy and divergence between the members of these partnerships.

Strengths of AUKUS

  • Being the first of its kind military alliance, it assures regional countries of US’ commitments in the Indo – Pacific security architecture.
  • Shot in the arm for the larger Indo-Pacific agenda.  
  • Fills the vacuum created by the reluctance of Quad to be seen as an anti-China military alliance.

Positive Impact

  • Augments the aim of QUAD of countering Chinese ambitions.
  • Useful in responding to any military provocation by China.
  • Clarifies the role of big powers in the Indo-Pacific.
  • Augments defense capabilities of Australia in countering China.
  • Makes Quad grouping relatively more palatable to ASEAN.

Negative Impact

  • Side-lining of France discourages consensus on the larger issue of the rise of China.
  • Shrinks the potential space available for the Quad, and India, to play a serious role in the region’s security architecture.
  • Militarisation of the Indo-Pacific region will lead to Arms race.
  • Makes it difficult for many ASEAN countries which want to remain neutral.


With India’s reluctance to join any military alliance, AUKUS by Augmenting Quad’s objective, increases India’s quest for a free and Open Indo – Pacific in line with its principle of Strategic autonomy.

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