Many voices had strengthened and enriched the nationalist movement during the Gandhian phase. Elaborate.

Sample Answer


The Gandhian phase of the Indian nationalist movement (1915-1947) witnessed the participation of various sections of society, which enriched and strengthened the struggle for independence. The inclusiveness of Gandhi’s ideology and methods attracted diverse voices, contributing to the movement’s success.



  • Gandhi’s focus on rural upliftment and non-violent protests like the Champaran Satyagraha (1917) and Kheda Satyagraha (1918) resonated with the peasantry.
  • Their participation in the Civil Disobedience Movement and Non-Cooperation Movement added strength to the nationalist movement.


  • Gandhi’s emphasis on women’s empowerment led to their active involvement in the freedom struggle.
  • Prominent women leaders like Sarojini Naidu, Kamala Nehru, and Aruna Asaf Ali played crucial roles in various movements, inspiring more women to join the cause.

Youth and students:

  • The Gandhian phase saw the emergence of young leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhas Chandra Bose, and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
  • Students participated in protests, boycotts, and the spread of nationalist ideas, adding vigor to the movement.

Workers and trade unions:

  • The Ahmedabad Mill Strike (1918) and other labor movements under Gandhi’s guidance brought workers and trade unions into the nationalist struggle.
  • Their support bolstered the movement’s reach and impact.

Regional and minority voices:

  • Gandhi’s inclusive approach encouraged regional leaders and minority communities to join the freedom struggle.
  • Contributions from leaders like Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, and Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan enriched the movement with diverse perspectives.

Cultural and literary figures:

  • Writers, poets, and artists like Rabindranath Tagore, Subramania Bharati, and Kazi Nazrul Islam used their creative talents to promote nationalism and inspire the masses.
  • Their works fostered a sense of unity and pride in Indian culture and heritage.

International support:

  • Gandhi’s non-violent methods and moral leadership garnered international support for the Indian freedom struggle.
  • Influential figures like Martin Luther King Jr., Albert Einstein, and Henry David Thoreau admired and endorsed Gandhi’s approach, further legitimizing the movement.


The inclusiveness of Gandhi’s ideology and methods united diverse voices, ultimately leading to India’s freedom from colonial rule. The collective efforts of these diverse groups played a crucial role in shaping the course of the Indian freedom struggle and the eventual establishment of an independent and democratic India.

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