Discuss the types of organized crimes. Describe the linkages between terrorists and organized crime that exists at the national and transnational levels.

Sample Answer


Organized crime is a category of transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for profit. 


Types of Organised Crimes 

  • Drug TraffickingGolden Crescent in  North West and  Golden Triangle in East leads to cross border nexus for smuggling and terrorist activities. 
  • Hawala –transfer funds illegally from one place to other.  
  • Cyber Crimes – Ransomware and Malwares are transnationally organised activity. 
  • Human Trafficking linked with organised crime 
  • Money Laundering Entities – Shell Companies, Insurance sector, Use of Financial Markets and Banks by an Organised nexus.
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Linkages between Organised crime and Terrorism 

  • Collaborate and appropriate shared tactics by Bolstering each other’s’ capabilities. 
  • Enhances their organizational infrastructure – Mumbai attacks of 1992 , 2008 used the routes used for smuggling, Insurgency in North East.   
  • Helps terrorists with improved access to resources – ISI using established channels for smuggling of arms and explosives
  • Expands their geographic reach
  • Both Take place in with weak political control ex – Taliban – Afghanistan. 


Thus to counter the menace of terrorism, the focus has to be on controlling underlying activities that provide material resources to terrorism.

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