Organized crime is a category of transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for profit.
Types of Organised Crimes
- Drug Trafficking – Golden Crescent in North West and Golden Triangle in East leads to cross border nexus for smuggling and terrorist activities.
- Hawala –transfer funds illegally from one place to other.
- Cyber Crimes – Ransomware and Malwares are transnationally organised activity.
- Human Trafficking – linked with organised crime
- Money Laundering Entities – Shell Companies, Insurance sector, Use of Financial Markets and Banks by an Organised nexus.
Linkages between Organised crime and Terrorism
- Collaborate and appropriate shared tactics by Bolstering each other’s’ capabilities.
- Enhances their organizational infrastructure – Mumbai attacks of 1992 , 2008 used the routes used for smuggling, Insurgency in North East.
- Helps terrorists with improved access to resources – ISI using established channels for smuggling of arms and explosives.
- Expands their geographic reach.
- Both Take place in with weak political control ex – Taliban – Afghanistan.
Thus to counter the menace of terrorism, the focus has to be on controlling underlying activities that provide material resources to terrorism.