The Deccan Trap formations in peninsular India were created by massive volcanic eruptions. They hold natural resources that continue to shape the region’s economic and developmental trajectories.
They have a huge variety of natural resources:
- Mineral resources: Manganese (Kajlidongri mine), copper (Malanjkhand mine), bauxite (Kolhapur and Satara), dolomite, limestone, quartz, silica etc.
- Energy resources:
- Oil & Gas: around 30 billion tonne in Saurashtra-central India belt
- Geothermal: numerous hot springs present in Konkan geothermal province. Reservoirs at Unhavare, Tural and Aravali have been found.
- Hydro: Rivers like Narmada, Godavari and Krishna have high potential.
- Soil resources: Black soil has a high water retention capacity; good for cotton, sugarcane and groundnut.
- Water resources: Low availability due to Hard rocks and seasonal rivers like Narmada and Tapi.
- Forest resources: Deccan has tropical dry deciduous forests with Hardwickia-dominated woodlands.
- Wildlife: Huge biodiversity; tiger, wild buffalo, wild dog, four-horned antelope, gaur, blackbuck, and chinkara present.
Despite all these resources, the true potential of these resources has not been reaped because of factors like eco-sensitive regions, frequent landslides, difficult mining, lack of water availability and soil degradation.