Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve

Context: The Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve reopened on Sunday with a literary tribute to a British forest officer Patrick D. Stracey.  A nature and wildlife-specific library at the Centenary Convention Centre in the Kohora area of Kaziranga has been inaugurated and named after him.

Patrick D. Stracey

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  • Stracey was born in Andhra Pradesh’s Kakinada, and served as an Indian Forest Service officer in Assam. 
  • He played a key role in renaming the Kaziranga Game Sanctuary as a wildlife sanctuary in 1950. 
  • He also established the Assam Forest School, a training institute catering to the northeastern region.

Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve

  • Formed in 1908 on the recommendation of Mary Curzon (the wife of the Viceroy of India – Lord Curzon of Kedleston). 
  • The park is located on the edge of the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspots – Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam. 
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  • In the year 1985, the park was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
  • With the rising population of Tigers in the Park, Kaziranga was declared as Tiger Reserve in 2006. 
  • The park area is circumscribed by the: 
  1. Brahmaputra River, which forms the northern and eastern boundaries
  2. Mora Diphlu, which forms the southern boundary. 
  3. Other notable rivers within the park are the Diphlu and Mora Dhansiri.


  • It is home to more than 2200 Indian one-horned rhinoceros, approximately 2/3rd of their total world population.
  • The park is the breeding ground of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer.
  • Hoolock Gibbon, Tiger, Leopard, Indian Elephant, Sloth Bear, Wild water buffalo, and swamp deer are Important species found here.
  • The park is also recognized as an Important Bird Area by Birdlife International for the conservation of avifaunal species. 
  • Birds like lesser white-fronted goose, ferruginous duck, Baer’s pochard duck and lesser adjutant, greater adjutant, black-necked stork, and Asian Openbill stork especially migrate from the Central Asia during the winter season.


  • Kaziranga National park’s 430 square kilometre area is sprinkled with elephant-grass meadows, swampy lagoons, and dense forests.
  • Due to the difference in altitude between the eastern and western areas of the park, four types of vegetation are found
  1. Alluvial inundated grasslands 
  2. Alluvial savanna woodlands 
  3. Tropical moist mixed deciduous forests 
  4. Tropical semi-evergreen forests. 

PYQ (2020)

Q. With reference to India’s Desert National Park, which of the following statements are correct?

1. It is spread over two districts.

2. There is no human habitation inside the Park.

3. It is one of the natural habitats of Great Indian Bustard.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Ans. (c)

Practice MCQ 

Q. With reference to Kaziranga National Park; Consider the following statements:

1. It is spread over two districts.

2. The Brahmaputra River flows through the middle of the park dividing it into two halves.

3. The park holds the tag of a World Heritage Site as declared by the UNESCO.

How many of the above statements are correct?

(a) Only one

(b) Only two

(c) All three

(d) None

Ans. (b)

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