Geopolitics of Solomon Island

Context: Recently, a Chinese Community Party delegation visited the Solomon Islands. China has been aggressively courting the Pacific islands to have greater geopolitical leverage in the Pacific.

About Solomon Islands

  • Solomon Islands is a country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
  •  It consists of a double chain of volcanic islands and coral atolls in Melanesia.
  •  The country comprises most of the Solomons chain—except for Buka and Bougainville, two islands at the northwestern end that form an autonomous region of Papua New Guinea.
  • Once a British protectorate, Solomon Islands achieved independence as a republic in 1978.
  • Honiara, on the north coast of Guadalcanal Island, is Solomon Islands’ capital and largest city.
image 86

Recent Geopolitics of Solomon Islands

  • 2022 Solomon Islands signs a memorandum of understanding (MOU) on policing cooperation with China in March and is reported to be in the process of concluding a security agreement with China, which could allow a Chinese military and naval presence in the islands.
  • 2023 – In response to China’s overtures to the islands, the US reopens an embassy on the Solomons after a 30-year absence.
  • June 2023-Mr. Sogavare called for review of its security treaty with Australia, which has historically provided policing support to the Solomon Islands.
  • July,2023-China had signed a policing pact with the Solomon Islands as both countries upgraded their ties to a “comprehensive strategic partnership”.

India and Solomon Island

  • Diplomatic relations between India & Solomon Islands were established in 1987.
  • India’s relationship with Pacific Island Countries (PIC) has deepened with evolution of Act East Policy, resulting in setting up of action-oriented Forum for India–Pacific Island Cooperation (FIPIC).
  • India has been aiding Solomon Island in capacity building in diverse fields under ITEC program (Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation).

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

The maximum upload file size: 20 MB. You can upload: image, document, archive, other. Drop files here

Free UPSC MasterClass
This is default text for notification bar