The 17th Lok Sabha is likely to be the shortest since 1952

Context: The 17th Lok Sabha, which is entering its final year, has functioned for 230 sitting days so far. Of all the Lok Sabhas that completed the full five-year term, the 16th Lok Sabha had the lowest number of sitting days (331). With one more year remaining, and 58 average sitting days a year, the 17th Lok Sabha is unlikely to sit for more than 331 days. This could make it the shortest full-term Lok Sabha since 1952.

Poor Functioning of 17th Lok Sabha

  • The latest session (Budget session) held from January 31, 2023, to April 6, 2023, with a recess from February 14 to March 12 saw limited legislative activity, and minimal discussion on the Budget amidst continuous disruptions.
  • In this session, the Lok Sabha functioned for 33% of its scheduled time (46 hours) and the Rajya Sabha functioned for 24% (32 hours).
  • In the 15 days of the second part of the session, the Lok Sabha worked for 5% of its scheduled time and the Rajya Sabha for 6%, with most of the time spent on the procedural work of tabling papers.
  • In this Lok Sabha, so far, 150 Bills have been introduced and 131 Bills have been passed (excluding Finance and Appropriation Bills).
  • The latest Budget session was the sixth shortest Budget session since 1952.
  • The Lok Sabha spent 18 hours on financial business, of which 16 hours were spent on the general discussion of the Budget.
  • The Motion of Thanks on the President’s Address was the only item discussed in the latest session.
  • The latest session also saw the least amount of time spent on questions in the current Lok Sabha. Question Hour functioned for 19% of the scheduled time in the Lok Sabha and 9% of the scheduled time in the Rajya Sabha.
  • About 7% of starred questions were answered in each House.
  • No Private Member Bills were introduced or discussed in this session.
  • Each House discussed one Private Member Resolution only.

Practice question for mains

Examine the reason and consequences of the poor functioning of parliament. Suggest some measures to improve the performance of parliament. (250 words, 15 marks)

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