List of Major Important Dams in India [Map]

Important Dams in India

Dams play a vital role in a country’s water management system, including irrigation, flood control, hydroelectric power generation, and water supply. A clear understanding of the important dams in India, their geographical location, and associated rivers is essential for the UPSC Civil Services Examination.

Important Dams in India

Important Dams in India on Map

Bhakra Nangal Dam

Located in Himachal Pradesh on the Sutlej River, Bhakra Nangal Dam is one of the highest gravity dams in the world. The dam’s primary purposes include electricity generation and irrigation in Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, and Rajasthan.

Hirakud Dam

Constructed across the Mahanadi River in Odisha, Hirakud Dam is one of the world’s longest man-made dams. It is primarily used for irrigation, flood control, and power generation.

Tehri Dam

Tehri Dam, located on the Bhagirathi River in Uttarakhand, is the highest dam in India. It serves the dual purpose of hydroelectric power production and water supply for irrigation.

Sardar Sarovar Dam

Built on the Narmada River in Gujarat, Sardar Sarovar Dam is a part of the Narmada Valley Project. It provides irrigation facilities to Gujarat and Rajasthan, and electricity generation for four Indian states.

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, constructed on the Krishna River, lies between Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. The dam provides irrigation water to the Nalgonda, Prakasam, Khammam, and Guntur districts.

Indira Gandhi Canal

Although not a dam, it’s crucial to mention the Indira Gandhi Canal, which originates from the Harike Barrage at the confluence of the Beas and Sutlej rivers in Punjab. This canal system is one of the largest in India and primarily provides irrigation in the Thar Desert region of Rajasthan.

Tungabhadra Dam

Tungabhadra Dam is built on the Tungabhadra River, a tributary of the Krishna River. Located in Karnataka, the dam provides irrigation and hydroelectricity to parts of Karnataka and Telangana.

Bhakra Nangal DamHimachal Pradesh
Hirakud DamOdisha
Tehri DamUttarakhand
Sardar Sarovar DamGujarat
Nagarjuna Sagar DamAndhra Pradesh & Telangana
Indira Gandhi CanalRajasthan
Tungabhadra DamKarnataka


Understanding the importance and geographical location of key dams in India forms a crucial part of the UPSC Civil Services Examination syllabus, primarily under Indian Geography. Aspirants should keep themselves updated with recent developments related to these dams, their significance, and the challenges associated with them.

This knowledge will enrich their answers and perspectives in both the Preliminary and Mains stages of the examination.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

The maximum upload file size: 20 MB. You can upload: image, document, archive, other. Drop files here

Online Counselling
Table of Contents
Today's Current Affairs
This is default text for notification bar