A whistleblower is a person, often an employee, who reveals information about activity within a private or public organisation that is deemed illegal or immoral.
Policy measures to safeguard the whistle-blower:
- Legal support through whistle-blower protection laws.
- Oversight and investigating body – to receive and investigate complaints of retaliatory, discriminatory or disciplinary action taken against whistle-blowers.
- Inculcation of civil service values
- Courage to take up the issue
- Empathy and compassion to feel the pain of others due to corrupt activities and take some action.
- Dedication, perseverance and fortitude to fight against injustice.
- Lower the burden of Proof – on persons disclosing such information.
- Ethics in public administration – Probity and general ethical ecosystem will encourage public servants to call out on unethical practices.
- Inspiration from philosophers and moral thinkers like Socrates who taught to ‘Speak truth to power’.
“Whosoever of you sees an evil action, let him change it with his hand; and if he is not able to do so, then with his tongue; and if he is not able to do so, then with his heart—and that is the weakest of faith.” Whistle blowing puts one is the highest level of morality.