What was the difference between Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore in their approach towards education and nationalism?

Sample Answer


Approach of Gandhi and Tagore towards education and nationalism were unique and significant in nature.


Gandhi Outlook

  • On Education:
    • Basic education & Mass-Based Education (Wardha Scheme – 1937)
    • Besides learning,
    • Focus on 3H
      • H – Hand (Skills/Job-Centric Approach/Productive Crafts)
      • H – Heart (Moral-Purification)
      • H – Head (Spiritual-Upliftment)
    • Value based education system
    • Harmonious development of mind, body and heart
    • Focus on Vernaculars
  • On Nationalism:
    • Main expressions in the form of Swaraj & Ramrajya
    • Focus on secular spirit & religious universalism
    • Growth of nationalism in India was a result of cultural diversity, moral and spiritual progression.
    • No British Rule in this process

Tagore’s Outlook

  • On Education:
    • Dynamic & Unique Approach
    • Rejected conventional method of schooling system
    • Nature & Practice Based Learning Curriculum
    • More focus on analysis and interpretation
    • Expression in the form of institutions. Ex. (i) Shanti Niketan (1863), further developed into (ii) Vishwa Bharati (1921)
    • Adoption of thoughts according to present scenario
    • Environmental consciousness
    • Moral values
    • Interpersonal skills
    • Community & society-oriented awareness
  • On Nationalism
    • Two Aspects of Nation & Nationalism:
      • Visualised it beyond the national map
      • Visualised it from inside of national boundary
      • International humanistic concerns
      • Focus on ending discrimination & system of privileges
      • He himself writes “I am a poet of the world ….”
      • Promoting equality
      • This will bring forward shape of true nation


Due to its rich cultural diversity & amp; economic prosperity Indians also made significant progress in the fields of technology, literature, science & architecture etc.

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