Owing to a 7000 km long maritime border, Maritime Security is imperative to India’s National Security.
Challenges in Maritime border Management
- Less focus on Maritime security.
- Coordination issues due to – Fragmented Approach & Overlapping jurisdiction between State Police, Indian Coast Guards and Navy.
- Unsettled maritime borders ex – Pakistan.
- Uncooperative Behaviour by neighbouring countries – Ex – Sri Lanka allowing Chinese Ship.
Steps Taken to ensure Maritime Security
- The National Committee for Strengthening Maritime and Coastal Security (NCSMCS) HEADED BY CABINET SECRETARY is a national-level forum for maritime and coastal security.
- The Indian Navy, Indian Coast Guard and State Marine Police, as a three tiered cover.
Participation in Regional groupings:
- IORA – Indian Ocean Rim Association
- IONS – Indian Ocean Naval Symposium
- IOC – Indian Ocean commission
- Indigenous capacity building:
- INS Arihant (Nuclear submarine)
- INS Vikrant (Aircraft carrier)
- Achieved Nuclear triad
- Electronic – Coastal Surveillance Network (CSN).
- Post 26/11 – establishment of mechanisms for inter-agency coordination.
- State-wise Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for inter-agency coordination
- Coastal Security Exercises by Indian Navy and Indian Coast Guard
There is a need for wholistic approach focussing on Geo-Political engagement, Capacity building along with the strengthening of the Security forces.