UPSC Law Optional Syllabus

Law optional Syllabus

In this article, we’ll take you through the UPSC Law optional syllabus in a way that’s easy to grasp, showing you how legal knowledge can be your key to becoming a civil servant.

Picking the right subject is like choosing the right tool for a job, and law, in this case, is like having the Swiss Army knife of subjects. It’s not just about rules; it’s about understanding how our society, government, and justice system work.

Law Optional Syllabus for UPSC (Paper-I)

Constitutional and Administrative Law

  1. Constitution and Constitutionalism: The distinctive features of the Constitution.
  2. Fundamental Rights—Public interest litigation; Legal Aid; Legal services authority.
  3. Relationship between Fundamental rights, Directive principles and Fundamental duties.
  4. Constitutional Position of the President and relation with the Council of Ministers.
  5. Governor and his powers.
  6. Supreme Court and the High Courts.
    • (a) Appointments and transfers
    • (b) Powers, functions and jurisdiction
  7. Centre, States and Local bodies:
    • (a) Distribution of legislative powers between the Union and the States.
    • (b) Local Bodies
    • (c) Administrative relationship among Union, State and Local Bodies.
    • (d) Eminent domain-State property-common property-community property
  8. Legislative powers, privileges and immunities
  9. Services under the Union and the States:
    • (a) Recruitment and conditions of services; Constitutional safeguards; Administrative tribunals.
    • (b) Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service Commissions—Power and Functions
    • (c) Election Commission—Power and functions.
  10. Emergency provisions.
  11. Amendment of the Constitution.
  12. Principle of Natural Justice—Emerging Trends and Judicial Approach
  13. Delegated legislation and its constitutionality.
  14. Separation of powers and constitutional governance
  15. Judicial review of administrative action.
  16. Ombudsman: Lokayukta, Lokpal etc.

International Law

  1. Nature and Definition of International Law
  2. Relationship between International Law and Municipal Law
  3. State Recognition and State Succession
  4. Law of the sea: Inland Waters, Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone, Continental Shelf, Exclusive Economic Zone and High Seas
  5. Individuals: Nationality, statelessness; Human Rights and procedures available for their enforcement
  6. Territorial jurisdiction of States, Extradition and Asylum
  7. Treaties: Formation, application, termination and reservation
  8. United Nations: Its principal organs, powers and functions and reform
  9. Peaceful settlement of disputes—different modes
  10. Lawful recourse to force: aggressions, self-defence, intervention
  11. Fundamental principles of international humanitarian law—International conventions and contemporary developments
  12. Legality of the use of nuclear weapons; ban on testing of nuclear weapons; Nuclear non-proliferation treaty, CTST
  13. International Terrorism, State sponsored terrorism, Hijacking, International Criminal Court.
  14. New International Economic Order and Monetary Law: WTO, TRIPS, GATT, IMF, World Bank.
  15. Protection and Improvement of the Human Environment: International Efforts.

Law Optional Syllabus for UPSC (Paper-II)

Law of Crimes

  1. General principles of Criminal liability: mens rea and actus reus, mens rea in statutory offences.
  2. Kinds of punishment and emerging trends as to abolition of capital punishment.
  3. Preparations and criminal attempt.
  4. General exceptions.
  5. Joint and constructive liability.
  6. Abetment.
  7. Criminal conspiracy. 
  8. Offences against the State.
  9. Offences against public tranquility.
  10. Offences against human body
  11. Offences against property.
  12. Offences against women.
  13. Defamation.
  14. Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.
  15. Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 and subsequent legislative developments.
  16. Plea bargaining. 

Law of Torts

  1. Nature and definition.
  2. Liability based upon fault and strict liability; Absolute liability.
  3. Vicarious liability including State Liability.
  4. General defences.
  5. Joint tort fessors.
  6. Remedies
  7. Negligence.
  8. Defamation.
  9. Nuisance.
  10. Conspiracy.
  11. False imprisonment.
  12. Malicious prosecution.
  13. Consumer Protection Act, 1986.

Law of Contracts and Mercantile Law

  1. Nature and formation of contract/E-contract.
  2. Factors vitiating free consent.
  3. Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements.
  4. Performance and discharge of contracts.
  5. Quasi-contracts.
  6. Consequences of breach of contract.
  7. Contract of indemnity, guarantee and insurance.
  8. Contract of agency.
  9. Sale of goods and hire purchase.
  10. Formation and dissolution of partnership.
  11. Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.
  12. Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.
  13. Standard form contracts. 

Contemporary Legal Developments

  1. Public Interest Litigation.
  2. Intellectual property rights—Concept, types/prospects.
  3. Information Technology Law including Cyber Laws—Concept, purpose/prospects.
  4. Competition Law—Concept, purpose/prospects.
  5. Alternate Dispute Resolution—Concept, types/prospects.
  6. Major statutes concerning environmental law.
  7. Right to Information Act.
  8. Trial by media.

How to Prepare Law Syllabus for UPSC?

Preparing for the Law optional syllabus for UPSC requires systematic effort and the right resources. At Rau’s IAS, we provide tailored study materials and optional classes to help you succeed. Here’s a concise guide on how to prepare:

  1. Know the Syllabus: Familiarize yourself with the entire Law optional syllabus.
  2. Use Rau’s IAS Materials: Our study materials are comprehensive and designed for UPSC. Make them your primary resource.
  3. Take Optional Classes: Enroll in our optional classes for expert guidance.
  4. Practice Previous Papers: Solve past question papers to understand the exam pattern.
  5. Structured Study Plan: Create a well-structured study schedule for consistent learning.
  6. Conceptual Understanding: Focus on understanding legal principles and their applications.
  7. Answer Writing Practice: Regularly practice writing answers within the time frame.
  8. Stay Updated: Keep up with current legal developments relevant to the syllabus.
  9. Peer Learning: Engage in discussions with peers to gain different perspectives.
  10. Revision: Create concise notes and revise regularly.
  11. Seek Faculty Guidance: Don’t hesitate to seek guidance from Rau’s IAS faculty.
  12. Maintain Well-being: Stay motivated, maintain a healthy lifestyle, and avoid burnout.

In conclusion, mastering the Law Optional Optional syllabus for UPSC demands dedication, the right study materials, expert guidance, and consistent effort.

Remember, success in the UPSC Civil Services Examination is not just about knowing the law; it’s about applying legal principles to real-world scenarios effectively.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

The maximum upload file size: 20 MB. You can upload: image, document, archive, other. Drop files here

Free UPSC MasterClass
This is default text for notification bar