World History (UPSC Mains) – Previous Year Questions


  1. Bring out the socio-economic effects of the introduction of railways in different countries of the world.


  1. “There arose a serious challenge to the Democratic State System between the two World Wars.” Evaluate the statement.


  1. Explain how the foundations of the modern world were laid by the American and French Revolutions.


  1. What problems are germane to the decolonization process in the Malay Peninsula?


  1. The anti-colonial struggles in West Africa were led by the new elite of Western-educated Africans. Examine.


  1. Why did the industrial revolution first occur in England? Discuss the quality of life of the people there during the industrialization. How does it compare with that in India at present?
  2. To what extent can Germany be held responsible for causing the two World Wars? Discuss critically.


  1. What were the major political, economic and social developments in the world which motivated the anti-colonial struggle in India?
  2. What were the events that led to the Suez Crisis in 1956? How did it deal a final blow to Britain’s self-image as a world power?
  3. The New Economic Policy – 1921 of Lenin had influenced the policies adopted by India soon after independence. Evaluate.


  1. “Latecomer” Industrial revolution in Japan involved certain factors that were markedly different from what west had experience.
  2. Africa was chopped into states artificially created by accident of European competition. Analyse.
  3. American Revolution was an economic revolt against mercantilism. Substantiate.
  4. What policy instruments were deployed to contain the great economic depression?
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