Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 was enacted to fulfil obligations to United National Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD).
However, lack of sensitisation of government functionaries and citizens became limitations to the Act:
- PwDs face harassment in acquiring disability certificates due to bureaucratic apathy.
- Arbitrary exemptions: Government exempted certain establishments from giving job quota to disabled. E.g., Blanket ban on all disabled persons, including acid-attack victims, in all categories of police forces.
- Posts reserved for disabled remain unfilled due to mismatch of skillset requirements.
- Government initiatives like Digital India are increasingly delivering basic government functions through information technologies; most of which are still inaccessible for users with visual or other disabilities.
- PwDs are often denied wage labour due to wrong notion that disabled could not work and even if they work, output would not be worth the payment made. As a result, they were kept away from labour market.
- Superstitions prevailing in communities subject PwDs to various harmful treatments claiming to cure disability.
Laws are as good as their implementation. Thus, sensitisation of Bureaucracy and community at large is important in ensuring full participation and inclusion of PwDs in society.