- It is a sub-mission under National Health Mission for providing equitable and quality primary health care services to urban populations, focusing on slums and vulnerable people.
- It covers all cities and towns with more than 50,000 population in district headquarters and State headquarters with more than 30,000 population. The remaining cities/towns continue to be covered under NRHM.
- Funding pattern: 60:40 for normal states (90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States.
- States have flexibility regarding the implementation of NUHM through their State Health Department or Urban Local Bodies (ULBs).
Setting up of service delivery infrastructure to primarily address the health care needs of urban poor
- One Urban Primary Health Care Facility to be established for 30,000 to 50,000 urban population. They are preferably located within or near a slum providing promotive, preventive and OPD (consultation), basic lab diagnosis, drug/contraceptive dispensing services, and counselling for all communicable and NCDs.
U-CHC and Referral Hospitals:
- One Urban Community Health Centre is to be established for every 2.5 lakh population (in non-metro cities above 5 lakh population) and for every 5 lakh population in metro cities.
- U-CHC would provide in-patient services and a 30-50 bedded facility.
- U-CHCs may be established for every 5-lakh population with 100 beds for metro cities.
Outreach services: Targeted interventions for slum dwellers and urban poor:
- One ASHA per 1,000-2,500 population.
- Mahila Arogya Samity per 250-500 population covering 50-100 households to act as a community-based peer education group in slums.
Under the Health and Wellness Centre component of Ayushman Bharat, existing UPHCs are being strengthened as HWCs.