Missile System of India: Cruise & Ballistic Missile

indian Missile

Cruise Missile and Ballistic Missile

Cruise MissileBallistic Missile
A cruise missile is guided towards a preset land-based target using a navigation system.A ballistic missile is generally a projectile shot up in the atmosphere.
Cruise missiles are known for low altitude flight and high mobility and hence the name.    Ballistic missiles are launched outside the atmosphere where its warheads detach and hit the target. (uses gravity of earth and thus traces a parabolic path and hence the name)
Cruise missile have short ranges of 300 to 1000 km Brahmos – 290 to 450 km Nirbhay – 700 to 1000Ballistic missile have long ranges upto 1000 km  (ICBMs) Agni V – 5000 km
Easy to intercept because of high terminal speeds.Difficult to intercept due to high terminal speeds of 5000 m/s
High precision due to navigation systemLow precision
Cheaper and thus suitable for firing conventional warheadsExpensive and thus suitable for firing nuclear warheads.

Ballistic Missiles

  • Surface-to-Surface Missiles
  • Short-range Ballistic Missile
NameRangeWeapon PayloadCharacteristics
Prithvi-I150 KM1000kgShort range surface-to-surface tactical ballistic missile
Prithvi-II350 KM500KgAirforce Version
Prithvi-III350 KM1000kg 
Dhanush350 KM1000KgNaval Version of Prithvi I and Prithvi II class missiles
Shaurya600-700 KM1000 KgHypersonic Canister-launched
Both conventional and nuclear warheads
Prahaar150 KM250 KgTo replace Prithvi I
Weapons: High explosives, cluster munition, strategic nuclear weapon
Agni-I700–900 km range1000KgSingle stage solid fuelled
Nuclear capable missile

Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile

NameRangeWeapon PayloadCharacteristics
Agni-II2000-3000 Km1000KgTwo and a half stage, solid fuelled missile with
Agni-III3200 Km2000-2500 Kg2-stage solid propulsion system
Agni-IV3500 Km1000 Kg2-stage missile powered by solid propellant

Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile

NameRangeWeapon PayloadCharacteristics
Agni-V5000 Km1500 Kg3-10 Multiple Independent Targetable Reentry Vehicle (MIRV) warheads

Agni-VI8,000–10,000 km (Under development)1000 Kg10 MIRV warheads
Surya10000 Km (Under development)3000 Kg10 MIRV warheads

Submarine-launched Ballistic Missile

NameRangeWeapon PayloadCharacteristics
K-15 Sagarika750 km500 KgReplica of land based Shaurya Missile. 
K-15 Missile gets help from Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System.  
The K-series missiles are much faster than Agni Missiles
K-43500 Km1000 KgNuclear-capable underwater missile
Meant for Arihant class submarines.
It is a solid-fuelled missile launched underwater capable of withstanding 50N of water pressure.
Submarine version of Agni 3. (Agni 3 – 17 m K-4 – 10 m)
K5 (Under development)5000 Km  
K6 (Under development)6000 Km  

Cruise Missiles

NameRangeWeapon PayloadCharacteristics
Nirbhay : Subsonic Cruise Missile  750-1000 Km500 KgLong range sub-sonic cruise missile.
1st indigenously developed long range cruise missile flying at low altitudes.
It is will arm the army, the navy and the air force.
Speed: Subsonic speeds of 0.7 mach. (speed of sound)
Range: Long range of 700 to 1000 km.
Can fly at tree-top altitudes as low as 10 m. (now tested for 5 m)
Capable of delivering nuclear warheads of 200-300 kg.
2-stage solid fuelled cruise missile.
As a result it has terrain-hugging capability and sea-skimming capability and thus go undetected by enemy radars.
Brahmos: Supersonic Cruise Missile290 Km300 kgJoint venture missile between India and Russia.
Speed: Top speed of 2.8 Mach (speed of sound).
Range: After India became a full member to MTCR export control regime, the range of BrahMos has increased from 300km to 450km.
Fire and forget principle of operation
Capable of being launched from land, water and air.    

BrahMos NG
Low weight Air-launched version  capable of being carried by Light Combat Aircraft, Tejas LCA
Brahmos II:Hypersonic290 Km300 Kg6 Mach

Short-range Surface-to-Air Missiles

NameRangeWeapon PayloadCharacteristics
Trishul9 – 12 Km5 KgShort range low-level surface-to-air missile
Akash30 Km50 KgSupersonic speed: Mach 2.5.
Medium range surface-to-air missile
Part of Air-defence system
It can simultaneously engage multiple targets in Group Mode or Autonomous Mode.  
It has built in Electronic Counter-Counter Measures (ECCM) features.
Indigenous seeker technology.
Maitri (QRSAM)25–30 km10 KgDeveloped by DRDO in collaboration with BEL and Bharat Dynamics Ltd.
Most effective in combating low flying Aerial targets faced by forward tactical battlefield area formations like Attack helicopters, UAVs, Armed drones, Sub-sonic Cruise missiles
QRSAM is part of India’s air defense system.
Capable of striking targets on-the-move.
It can strike targets at various altitudes from 30m to 6km.
It has a speed of 700-800 meters per second
RF seeker (Radio Frequency) as a part of terminal guidance to hit the target.
It has a truck-mounted canister.
It is capable of multiple-target engagement.
It is light-weight, has high-mobility and shorter-reaction time compared to Akash Air Defence Surface-to-Air Missiles.
It is equipped with electronic counter measures against the aircraft jammers to deceive enemy radar.
Revati25–30 km10 Kg(Naval-Version of Maitri)
Rohini25–30 km10 Kg(Airforce-Version of Maitri)
Barak-870-100 Km60 KgIndian-Israeli Medium Range Surface-to-Air-Missile
Part of naval air defence system To be used aboard INS Vikrant (under construction)
maximum speed of Mach 2
Igla-SMaximum range of 6km, altitude of 3km Russia’s Very Short Range Air Defence Systems (VSHORAD)
Man-Portable Shoulder launched Air Defence System
It can aim at enemy targets using
Infrared signature
Laser targeting
Remote-controlled targeting

Air-to-Air Missile

AstraIt is a BvRAAM (Beyond Visual Range Air to Air Missile).
1st air to air missile developed by India.
Capable of engaging targets at varying range and altitudes.
Both short range targets at a distance of 20 km and long range targets up to a distance of 80-110 km.

Anti-Tank Guided Missile

NameRangeWeapon PayloadCharacteristics
Nag3-7 Km8 kg3rd generation anti-tank missile, best in its class for Indian conditions.
Fire and forget capability.
Imaging Infrared(IIR) guidance with day and night capability
Weight – 48 Kg and therefore fired from a BMP-2 vehicle called Namica(Nag Missile Carrier)
Different Variants
1. Mounted on an infantry combat vehicle: NAMICA (Nag Missile Carrier)
2. Man Portable shoulder carried
3. HeliNa: (Helicopter-launched Nag) Rudra Helicopter, Dhruv and LCH.
HeliNa7 Km8 KgHelicopter-launched Nag
Spike  Israeli 4th generation anti-tank guided missile.
Fire-and-forget capability
Available in man-portable, vehicle-launched, and helicopter-launched variants.
Change the target mid-flight as a result of dual-seeker.
Kill-probability of 95%
Better than Nag because Nag is facing seeker issues especially if the temperature of the target is high.
MILAN  It is anti tank guided missile for the Army. To be acquired from France.
SPICE 2000  Israeli guided bombs for Indian Air Force.
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