Urban Local Bodies Other Than Municipalities

Notified Area Committee

  • A notified area committee is established to take care of administration of an area which is either a fast developing town from industrialisation or a town not yet developed to fulfil all the conditions to create a municipality but is considered as important by the state government.
  • A notified area committee is created by a notification in the government gazette.
  • The notification also mentions the provisions of the State Municipal Act that are applied to the notified area committee. The state may also entrust to it powers under any other act.
  • The powers of a notified area committee are equal to a municipality.
  • Unlike the municipality, a notified area committee is an entirely nominated body. State government nominates all members including the chairman to a notified area committee. Thus, a notified area committee is neither an elected body nor a statutory body.

Town Area Committee:

  • A town area committee is created for the administration of a small town. It is like a semi-municipal authority. Limited number of civic functions such as roads, street lighting, and drainage are entrusted to it.
  • It is established by a separate act passed by a state legislature.
  • The act mentions the composition, functions, and other matters related to the town area committee.
  • It may be a wholly nominated body by a state government or a wholly elected body or partly nominated and partly elected.

Cantonment Board:

  • They are created for municipal administration for civilian population in the cantonment areas.
  • Unlike other urban local bodies, a cantonment board is created as well as administered by union government.
  • The provisions of the Cantonments Act of 2006, a central government act, are applicable to a cantonment board.
  • A cantonment board functions under the administrative control of union defence ministry.
  • The members of a cantonment board are partly elected and partly nominated. While the elected members hold the office for a term of 5 years, the nominated members continue as long as they hold the office.
  • The military officer who is commanding the station is the ex-officio president of the board and he presides over its meetings.
  • The board’s vice-president is elected by the elected members from amongst themselves and he holds the position for five years.
  • The functions of a cantonment board are similar to those of a municipality. Their functions are categorised as obligatory and discretionary functions.
  • Its executive officer is appointed by the President of India. He is responsible for implementation of the decisions of the board and its committees.
  • The source of income of the boards includes both, tax and non-tax revenue.

Special Purpose Agency:

  • These agencies are function-based and not area-based like the above seven bodies. They are known as ‘special purpose’ or ‘single purpose’ agencies or ‘functional local bodies’.
  • They are created as statutory bodies by an act of state legislature or as departments by an executive resolution.
  • They work as autonomous bodies dealing with their allotted functions independently of the local urban governments. They are not subordinated to any local urban governance bodies.
  • Examples of such bodies are:
    • Town improvement trusts.
    • Water supply and sewerage boards.
    • Pollution control boards.
    • Electricity supply boards.
    • Urban development authorities.
    • City transport boards.
    • Housing boards.
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