How different would have been the achievement of Indian independence without Mahatma Gandhi? Discuss.

Sample Answer


India’s long and arduous journey toward independence was characterized by the struggles and sacrifices of numerous freedom fighters. Among them, Mahatma Gandhi stood as a towering figure, whose principles of non-violence and civil disobedience became the hallmark of the Indian independence movement.


Leadership and Mass Mobilization:

  • Mobilization: Gandhi’s ability to mobilize the masses was unparalleled. His simple living and high thinking attracted millions to the cause of independence.
  • Unity: He was instrumental in bridging the gap between different sections of society, thus promoting unity against colonial rule.

Non-violent Resistance:

  • Civil Disobedience: The concept of civil disobedience and non-violent resistance were Gandhi’s hallmark strategies which gained international sympathy for India’s struggle.
  • Salt March: The Dandi March was a significant non-violent protest against the salt tax imposed by the British.

Negotiations and Diplomacy:

  • Round Table Conferences: Gandhi’s participation in negotiations with the British demonstrated his diplomatic acumen.

Alternate Scenarios:

  • Violent Struggles: In Gandhi’s absence, the struggle for independence might have taken a violent turn, possibly leading to more bloodshed.
  • Delayed Independence: Without Gandhi’s mass mobilization and negotiation skills, the journey to independence might have been protracted.


Gandhi’s role was not merely pivotal but emblematic of a dignified struggle against oppression. Without his guidance, the trajectory towards independence could have been more violent and protracted, reflecting the indispensable nature of his leadership in India’s freedom narrative.

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