Discuss the role of the Vice-President of India as the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.

Sample Answer


According to Article 64 and 89(1), Vice-President is the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha and as Chairman, Vice-President functions as part of the Parliament. 


Role of Vice-President as Chairman of the Rajya Sabha

  • Presides over sessions of Rajya Sabha.
  • Custodian and guardian of rights and privileges of the House and its members. 
  • Interprets Constitution, rules of conduct of business and his rulings constitute precedents which are binding.
  • Have a casting vote in case there is equality of votes (Article 100).
  • Can adjourn the House or suspend its sitting due to absence of quorum. 
  • Chairman may
    • Reject resignation of members
    • Reject proposal to impeach Judges of High Court and Supreme Court.
    • Determines disqualification under Tenth Schedule.  
  • Rajya Sabha Secretariat functions under his control and directions.  
  • Correct patent errors in a Bill passed by RS.
  • Communicates Motion of Thanks.


Despite the dual role, the holder of the office of Vice-President has ensured its dignity and grace over successive years.

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