Discuss the desirability of greater representation to women in the higher judiciary to ensure diversity, equity and inclusiveness.

Sample Answer

Introduction

Inadequate women representation across judicial offices (30%-subordinate judiciary, 11.5% and 12% in High Court and Supreme Court respectively) has prompted CJI to back 50% women reservation in judicial offices at all levels to ensure diversity, equity and inclusiveness. 

Body

Need for desirability of women representation: 

  • Address prevailing gender imbalance.
  • Gender sensitisation of judicial orders – addressing rights of women
  • Improve gender specific infrastructure within Court premises – separate toilets for women.       
  • Ensure women empowerment in the judicial arena.    
  • Encourage women to pursue law as a career choice.     
  • Improve ratio of women law graduates and women judges. 

Concerns

  • Appointments for higher judiciary are not uniform across India.    
  • Reservation must meet the goal of social justice.      

Suggestions

  • Women Reservation Bill needs to be reintroduced providing reservation to women across judicial offices.
  • Provide economic assistance to women in pursuing law degree
  • Promoting women advocates in state bar councils.
  • Provide reservation for women in All India Judicial Service.

Conclusion

Greater representation of women across judicial hierarchies will help to achieve constitutional goals of social and economic justice along with SDG-5 and 10 – gender equality and reduced inequalities.

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