Moral intuition and moral reasoning are two aspects of ethical decision-making, and they have some interrelations and differences.
- It is a belief that there are objective moral truths in life and humans can understand these truths intuitively.
- It is spontaneous, occurring without conscious thought. Withdrawal of NCM by Gandhiji after Chauri Chaura.
- It is heavily influenced by emotions, instincts, and gut feelings. E.g., NAM Movement.
- Cultural and societal influences play a significant role in shaping moral intuitions.
- Decisions prone to Bias.
- It is a systematic conscious and analytical process of evaluating ethical dilemmas and making moral judgements.
- It involves a conscious and deliberate thought process. E.g., Raja Ram Mohan’s opposition to Sati practice.
- It relies on logical analysis, ethical principles, and structured thinking E.g., Ambedkar’s critique of the caste system.
- It is universal and less culture-dependent. E.g., Laws are based on reasoning.
- Unbiased decision
Thus, it can be said that moral intuitions may inform moral reasoning, and moral reasoning may refine or override initial intuitions when faced with complex ethical dilemmas.