Differentiate ‘moral intuition’ from ‘moral reasoning’ with suitable examples.

Model Answer


Moral intuition and moral reasoning are two aspects of ethical decision-making, and they have some interrelations and differences.


Moral Intuition:

  • It is a belief that there are objective moral truths in life and humans can understand these truths intuitively.
  • It is spontaneous, occurring without conscious thought. Withdrawal of NCM by Gandhiji after Chauri Chaura.
  • It is heavily influenced by emotions, instincts, and gut feelings. E.g., NAM Movement.
  • Cultural and societal influences play a significant role in shaping moral intuitions.
  • Decisions prone to Bias.

Moral Reasoning:

  • It is a systematic conscious and analytical process of evaluating ethical dilemmas and making moral judgements.
  • It involves a conscious and deliberate thought process. E.g., Raja Ram Mohan’s opposition to Sati practice.
  • It relies on logical analysis, ethical principles, and structured thinking E.g., Ambedkar’s critique of the caste system.
  • It is universal and less culture-dependent. E.g., Laws are based on reasoning.
  • Unbiased decision


Thus, it can be said that moral intuitions may inform moral reasoning, and moral reasoning may refine or override initial intuitions when faced with complex ethical dilemmas.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

The maximum upload file size: 20 MB. You can upload: image, document, archive, other. Drop files here

Free UPSC MasterClass
This is default text for notification bar