A Start-up Entrepreneurship Workshop was organized by Atal Incubation Centre (AIC) – BARC, DAE Convention Centre.
- AIC-BARC is established under the ambit of the Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Aayog to create a start-up eco-system based on spin-off technologies of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE).
- AIC-BARC has been set up in line with the “Aatma Nirbhar Bharat”
- In the workshop, two technologies namely SHESHA (for wet waste management) and Rapid Bio-composting (for dry waste management) were introduced by BARC scientific experts.
- SHESHA is a novel, compact helical-shaped waste converter aimed to manage the biodegradable waste generated in small housing societies, restaurants, etc. in-situ, thus allowing decentralized processing of the biodegradable waste.
- The system has tremendous potential to process the waste as well as the generation of good quality fuel and manure required for soil applications.
- The name Shesha has been given on the basis of the serpentine shape of the digester (its resemblance to the snake Shesha) as well as the Sanskrit name of waste.
- Helical-shaped digester made from low-cost PVC pipes.
- Saving major costs of construction and MS dome required for conventional designs.
- Suitable for skid mounting on vehicles or wheels required for processing waste from smaller societies/residential complexes.
- Have inbuilt suitability for biogas recycling for methane enrichment.
- Suitable for online monitoring of process parameters.
RAPID COMPOSTING TECHNOLOGY
- ICAR -IISS (Indian Institute of Soil Science) developed this technique in collaboration with ICAR-CIAE, Bhopal and ICAR-NBAIM, Mau.
- It is based on cellulolytic fungi named Trichoderma koningiopsis isolated from tree bark.
- It is safe for the environment and for human handling.
- The formulation is capable of composting kitchen waste, agricultural waste, garden waste (dry leaves including coconut leaves) and temple waste.
- This method, being completely aerobic in nature, is devoid of foul odour and hence has greater acceptability in society.
STEPS FOR BIO COMPOSTING
- Collection of biowaste materials
- Segregation of non-biodegradable materials
- Waste materials mixed with fresh cow-dung
- Inoculation with a consortium of organisms
- All materials mixed together and fed to rapo-compost bioreactor
- After one month the humified organic manure was allowed for curing
- Sieved (4 mm sieves) and stored at 25% moisture condition