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Category: Science & Technology

Quantum Supremacy: Explained

Context: In a paper in Nature Physics, a researcher at Google Quantum AI reportedly demonstrated a problem that is difficult for classical computers. If a quantum computer solves this problem, it can achieve quantum supremacy. Quantum Supremacy (QS) When a quantum computer outperforms a […]

What is the Human microbiome?

Context: The microbiome research has gone from a ‘niche subject area’ to ‘one of the hottest topics in all of science’. Researchers have thrown light into the human microbiome — the community of microbes living in the human body. Human Microbiome: Benefits of Microbiome: […]

National Research Foundation: Mission & Vision

Context: The National Research Foundation (NRF), a new research funding agency, was approved by the Union Cabinet recently. National Research Foundation   Mission and Vision Functions and Responsibilities Debate: Funding Priorities and Innovation Models This debate revolves around the question of whether research funding should […]

NASA’s first asteroid samples land on Earth

Context: The OSIRIS-REX mission has ended with the return of regolith (space sample) from the primordial asteroid Bennu. OSIRIS-REx Mission: Asteroid Bennu: Why was Bennu chosen? Significance: Key Fact:

What are Moonquakes?

Context: An earthquake is caused when tectonic plates shift. But quakes themselves aren’t restricted to the earth. For example, small tremors have also been detected on the moon. About moonquakes Causes and types of moonquakes: The first three kinds of moonquakes mentioned above tend […]

Bio-Fuel: Explained

Context: The use of food crops to generate bio-fuels can put burden on the resources of India, which demands for change in the definition of bio-fuels. Biofuels are alternative fuels produced from biomass and used for transportation.  There are two major biofuel sectors:  Need […]

Nipah Virus (NiV)

Context: Deaths due to the Nipah virus have been reported in the Kozhikode district of Kerala. About Nipha Virus (NiV):

Miniaturisation: The Future of Space and Nuclear Technology

Context: The Small Nuclear Reactors and Small Satelite Vehicles have increased the presence of private sector in these sectors, which may lead to cost efficient, environmentally sustainable and competitive future technologies. Nuclear Fusion and Energy  Nuclear fission is a reaction where the nucleus of […]

What are Picoflare jets?

Context: Researchers studying the findings of the Solar Orbiter Aircraft, a joint mission by the European Space Agency and the U.S. space agency NASA, recently announced that they have detected picoflare jets from the sun’s outer atmosphere. About Picoflare jets: Significance of Picoflare jets:

Hybrid Nanoparticles to target Cancer cells

Context: Scientists at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) have developed a new approach using hybrid nanoparticles to potentially detect and kill cancer cells, especially those which form a solid tumour mass. The researchers have tested the nanoparticles on lung cancer and cervical cancer […]

Genetic engineering gives mosquito control an upgrade

Context: With insecticide resistance in mosquitoes rising to alarming proportions, it has become imperative that newer approaches to mosquito control gain prominence. Gene-drive technology is one such approach, which has been used in outdoor trials in India, Brazil, and Panama. Background: Restraining Mosquito Population […]

Model of Human Embryo Development

Context: Israel researchers have successfully created a “human embryo” in the lab without using traditional egg and sperm. Fetal Development: A Process that Create Life New Development in Research on Embryo Development  Lab Grown Embryo  This lab-grown embryo is considered one of the most […]

Self-Confining Radioactive Isotope Target

Context: Researchers in the RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, in Japan have used Self-Confining Radioactive Isotope Target (SCRIT) to find the internal structure of unstable Casesium-137 nuclei. Historical Context  Experiment of Ernest Rutherford, Hans Geiger, and Ernest Marsden Experimental Setup to Probe a […]

Space Sustainability

Context: India must contribute towards drawing up an international space resource management framework that balances competing objectives in pursuit of the use of outer space for peaceful purposes.  What is outer space? What are the related agreements and conventions? What are the associated issues […]

Y Chromosomes

Context: Novel “long-read” techniques have enabled a comprehensive sequence spanning the entire Y chromosome. This landmark effort, featured in Nature, establishes a foundation for investigating sex and sperm genes, unraveling Y chromosome evolution, and exploring its potential disappearance in millions of years. History of […]

Gravitational Waves and LIGO

Context: The Government of India has given ‘In-Principle’ approval for Construction and Operation of Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Laboratory – India (LIGO) in India in collaboration with LIGO Laboratory, United States of America. Gravitational Waves  A gravitational wave is an invisible (yet incredibly fast) […]

Aditya L1 Mission

Context: ISRO’s Aditya L1 mission was successfully launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre on 2 September 2023.  About Aditya L1: Objectives: Payloads:  Significance of the mission: Lagrange points:

HC permits Stem Cell Therapy for two kids with autism

Context: In an interim order, the Delhi High Court allowed two children suffering from autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to undergo stem cell therapy for treatment of their condition.  Stem Cells and Stem Cell Therapy: Uses of Stem Cell Therapy: Status of Stem Cell treatment […]

Renewable Energy Technology Action Platform (RETAP)

Context: US Department of Energy (DOE) and Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) have together launched US-India Renewable Energy Technology Action Platform (RETAP) under the Strategic Clean Energy Partnership.  About Renewable Energy Technology Action Platform Work under the RETAP is guided by five […]

Awareness Campaign Launched for Sickle-cell disease (SCD)

Context: The Tribal Minister of India launched a training session for an awareness campaign that’s part of the government’s mission to make India free of Sickle-cell disease (SCD) by 2047. Types of SCD Signs and Symptoms  Early symptoms of SCD may include: Treatment Case […]

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