Waterfalls are one of the most beautiful natural phenomena, attracting tourists and nature enthusiasts from around the world. They also play a significant role in local ecosystems, serving as habitats for many species.
An understanding of the highest waterfalls in India, their locations, and features is helpful for aspirants preparing for the UPSC Civil Services Examination.
6 Highest Waterfalls in India
Kunchikal Falls: Located in the Shimoga district of Karnataka, Kunchikal Falls is the highest waterfall in India with a height of 455 meters (1,493 feet). It is formed by the Varahi River and falls down a series of rocky outcrops.
Barehipani Falls: Found in the core area of Simlipal National Park in Odisha, the Barehipani Falls are India’s second-highest waterfall with a height of 399 meters (1,309 feet). This two-tiered waterfall is a major attraction in the national park.
Jog Falls: Also known as Gerusoppe falls or Jogada Gundi, the Jog Falls are located in the Shimoga district of Karnataka. Formed by the Sharavathi River, these segmented falls are the third-highest plunge waterfalls in India, with a height of 253 meters (830 feet).
Kynrem Falls: Located in the East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya, the Kynrem Falls is a three-tiered waterfall and the seventh-highest in India. The waterfall is part of the Thangkharang Park and cascades down a height of 305 meters (1,001 feet).
Meenmutty Falls: Situated in the Wayanad district of Kerala, the Meenmutty Falls is the largest waterfall in the state. The waterfall, cascading from a height of 300 meters (984 feet), is a popular tourist attraction in Kerala.
Dudhsagar Waterfall: Located on the Goa-Karnataka border, Dudhsagar Waterfall is a four-tiered waterfall with a height of 310 meters (1,017 feet). The falls are part of the Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary and are a significant attraction in the region.
Knowledge of the highest waterfalls in India forms an important aspect of the geography section for the UPSC Civil Services Exam. These waterfalls are not only significant from the tourism perspective but are also important in terms of environmental conservation, local economies, and cultural importance.
A clear understanding of these waterfalls, their features, and locations can prove helpful in enriching answers and broadening the aspirants’ perspectives.