The world’s major mountain ranges align along plate boundaries and exert significant influence over regional weather and climate. Understanding their location and impacts is vital to human wellbeing, sustainable environmental management and geopolitical stability.
|Mountain range||Alignment||Impact on local weather|
|Himalayas||Stretches across complete west coast of North America from North to South||Acting as a barrier for monsoon winds. |
Shielding Indian landmass from cold and dry North Asian winds.
|Rockies||Stretches across complete west coast of North America from North to South||Creation of Chinook local winds leading to now eater effect. The Great Plains, located east of the Rockies, are known for their prairie grasses.|
|Atlas||South West to North East direction stretching through Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia.||Capture the moisture laden winds from Mediterranean causing rainfalls on windward side and also causing deficit on leeward side. |
Separating mediterranean type climate from dry Sub Saharan climate.
|Alps||West to east, across 8 alpine countries, such as: France, Switzerland, Italy etc.||Precipitation patterns, in South Europe and Eurasia. The local winds like Foehn, Mistral induce unique weather patterns|
While shaping diverse natural environments, the world’s mountain ranges make certain areas more habitable and prosperous but also prone to disasters. Their critical role in regional sustainability, development and climatic stability cannot be understated in this era of rapid change.