Music During Mughal Times

  • The real credit of music development goes to the Bhakti movement of Medieval India. These Bhakti saints brought new musical instruments and Ragas (Compositions). Best example could be Amir Khusrau.
  • When Mughals came to power, they patronised music and its exponents. Rulers like Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan were top preserver of music under Mughal rule.
  • Ain-e-Akbari (by Abul Fazl) gave insights about 36 court musicians during Akbar rule. It included Shihab Khan and Purbin Khan.
  • Akbar also took the service of Tan Sen (invented Raga Depok/Deepak) from Raja Man Singh.
  • Shahjahan was himself a singer and patronised classical Hindustani music in the Mughal court.
  • Aurangzeb was himself a veena players but later discontinued his court poets due to economic reasons.
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