- Poompuhar, also known as Puhar, is believed to be the Port town of Chola Empire.
- Located in Nagapattinam district, Tamil Nadu on mouth of Kaveri River. Also known as Kaveripattinam.
- Details about it have been found in several historic documents including Periplus of the Erythraean Sea.
- According to historians, the port witnessed the Indian merchants trading their commodities, mostly spices, with other Asian countries as well as Arabs.
- Arikamedu is in today’s Puducherry, a union territory of India, was an important ancient port city.
- It finds mention in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea and Tamil poems of the Sangam period.
- It is believed to be an active trading port of the region with Roman Empire as early as second century BC.
- Excavations have revealed Roman Arretine ware, pottery, beads, intaglios, lamps, glass and coins here.
- Bharuch, located in Gujarat, was a prominent port in the Indian subcontinent region during ancient India.
- Also known as Barygaza/Bhrigukachcha and Broach.
- Bharuch had established trade relations with Arabs, Greeks and Romans, Africans, Chinese and Egyptians.
- Bharuch was ruled by numerous powerful empires, such as the Gupta dynasty, Rajputs and Mughals.
- Calicut, also known as Kozhikode, was also one of the busiest ports and trading centres.
- Located on Arabian Sea, this west coast port was an important trading port especially for spices including pepper, cloves and cinnamon.
- History of this port goes back to AD 1100. It began to grow as a notable trade centre under Chera regime.
- However, it became one of the most important seaports in India after arrival of the Portuguese sailor Vasco Da Gama in the year 1498.
- Landing of the Portuguese sailor opened the routes for a never-ending relation between east and west.
- Tuticorin or Thoothukudi port is one of the oldest seaports in India, established as early as 6th century.
- Located near Chennai, Thoothukudi was ruled by several dynasties including Pandyas, often using it as their important seaport.
- Most important trade here included fishery and pearl.
- Earliest mention in Periplus of the Erythraean Sea.
- Located in present-day West Bengal. It lies just south of the Rupnarayan River.
- Jain sources identify Tamralipti as the capital of the kingdom of Vanga. It was long known as a port.
- According to the Mahavamsa, an epic history of Sri Lanka, it was the departure point of Prince Vijaya’s expedition to colonize Sri Lanka (c. 500 BCE).
- It was the departure point for the Buddhist missionary expedition dispatched by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka to Sri Lanka 250 years later.
- It was also the port for trade with Southeast Asia.
- Chinese pilgrim Fa-Hein visited the city in the 5th century CE, and Hieun-Tsang visited it in 7th century.
- Heun-Tsang reported presence of Buddhist monasteries and an Ashokan pillar there. He referred to Tamralipti as a port for export of indigo, silk and copper (tamra), from which it derived its name.
- It was an important port under the Gupta empire.
- Ancient port located in Tamil Nadu. Equated with modern Mahabalipuram.
- Ancient port located in Kerala. Important port of Cheras.
- Important port in the East Coast (Bay of Bengal).
- An important ancient port located close to Mumbai. Important in Mauryan times.
- Important port city in Bengal during Mauryan times. (Bengal was known as Vanga)
- Important port during Pandya dynasty. Located in Tamil Nadu.
- Important port of Chola dynasty. Located in Tamil Nadu
- Important port of Pandya dynasty located in Tamil Nadu.
- Important port of Kakatiya Dynasty located in Andhra Pradesh
- Ancient port near Karachi in Indus Delta. Important for Indo-Roman trade in ancient times.
- Important port during Golconda rulers of medieval times. (Or Machilipatnam port)
- Important port during the reign of Vijayanagar kings on East Coast.