Several foreigners made India their homeland and participated in various movements. Analyze their role in the Indian struggle for freedom.

Sample Answer


India’s struggle for freedom was a collective endeavor that transcended national boundaries. Several foreigners, drawn to India’s rich heritage and the righteousness of its cause, made significant contributions to the freedom movement.

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Foreigner’s involvement and sacrifices, especially imprisonment, drew international attention, highlighting the injustices of the British Raj and garnering global sympathy for India’s cause.


Foreigners in the Freedom Struggle:

Annie Besant:

  • Origin: British
  • Contribution: Founded the Home Rule League, advocating for India’s self-rule. Became the first woman president of the Indian National Congress in 1917.

Sister Nivedita (Margaret Elizabeth Noble):

  • Origin: Irish
  • Contribution: Supported nationalist causes, promoted Indian art and culture, and worked in education.

Dr. Annie Marie Petersen:

  • Origin: Danish
  • Contribution: Supported the Indian National Congress and propagated the cause of Indian freedom in Denmark.

Madeleine Slade (Mirabehn):

  • Origin: British
  • Contribution: Close associate of Mahatma Gandhi, participated in the Dandi March, and faced imprisonment.

A. O. Hume:

  • Origin: British
  • Contribution: Instrumental in the formation of the Indian National Congress.

Stanislaus Pascal Frassinetti:

  • Origin: Italian
  • Contribution: Supported the Swadeshi Movement and was an active member of the Congress.


The contributions of foreigners in India’s freedom struggle not only enriched the movement but also amplified its global resonance. Their involvement, driven by a deep commitment to justice and equality, underscores the universal appeal of India’s fight against colonialism and its enduring legacy in world history.

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