Indian Constitution is 75% of GOI Act 1935

The features of the Government of India Act 1935 which are copied in the Indian constitution are:

Bicameral Legislature:

  • The Indian Parliament with the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha forming the legislative system is extracted from the 1935 Act.

Division of Powers:

  1. Schedule 7 of the Indian constitution and Centre-state relations (Article 256-263) are based on the above sections of the 1935 act.
  2. The powers between the centre and the provinces were separated into three lists with the introduction of this act: the Federal list (59 items for the centre), the Provincial list (54 items for provinces), and the Concurrent list (36 items for both).

Residuary Powers:

  1. The residuary powers concerning items not listed in the Schedule 7 lists are vested with the Union government.
  2. The residuary powers in the Government of India 1935 Act were handed over to the Viceroy.

Emergency provision:

Office of the Governor:

  1. The constitutional post of the Governor, his appointment, and his powers are mentioned in Article 152 to Article 162.
  2. The 1935 Act established the office of the Governor with all the executive powers and authority of the centre was vested in the Governor.

Administrative Details and Inter-State Relations:

  • The Inter-State relations and water dispute redressal mechanisms in the Indian Constitution were inspired by Section 130 of the 1935 Act.

Separation of power:

  1. No discussions shall take place in Parliament with respect to the behaviour of any Judge of the Supreme Court or a High Court in the exercise of his duties,” is given by Articles 121 and 211 of the Indian constitution respectively.
  2. This was taken from Section 40 and Section 86 of the 1935 Act.
Online Counselling
Table of Contents
Today's Current Affairs
This is default text for notification bar