Nizams of Deccan

  • Increased factionalism at Mughal Court and increased power of the Hindustani faction led by Sayyid Brothers forced Chin Qilich Khan, leader of Turani group to move away to Deccan.
  • In 1724, he assumed the title of Nizam ul Mulk Asaf Jah and started establishing himself as an independent ruler with his base at Hyderabad, the core region of erstwhile Golconda Sultanate.
  • He consolidated his hold over six subas in the region. His real power was exercised in coastal districts of Srikakulam, Masulipatnam, Nizamapatnam and eastern regions of Suba of Hyderabad.
  • He brought skilled soldiers and administrators from North India and appointed them as mansabdars and granted them jagirs.
  • Offices of amin, shiqdar and faujdar were concentrated on one person who was entrusted with collecting revenue and maintaining troops from the revenue he collected.
  • He notionally functioned as a Mughal administrator and continued to mint coins in the name of Mughal emperor and mentioned him in Friday prayers till his death in 1748.
  • Hyderabad was constantly engaged in a struggle with Marathas (in their west) and with independent Telugu warrior chiefs (Nayakas) of Deccan and South India.
  • Struggle for control over Coromandel coast (important for foreign trade and textile production) brought Nizams into conflict with East India Company.
Online Counselling
Today's Current Affairs
This is default text for notification bar