Sur Dynasty

  • Sher Shah Suri (1540-45 AD) was the founder of Sur Dynasty. His original name was Farid.
  • He organized brilliant administrative system dividing his empire into sarkars further into parganas. Shiqdar (military officer), Amin (land revenue), Fotedar (treasurer) and Karkuns (accountants) oversaw administration in Parganas.
  • Introduced a new silver coin called Dam (Rupia) which was in circulation till 1835.
  • Insisted on measurement of sown land, Tax could be paid in both cash and kind.
  • Improved communication system and built the Grand Trunk Road (Sarak-i-Azam) extending from Sonargaon (now in Bangladesh) to Attock (now in Pakistan) and run through Delhi and Agra 1500 km.
  • Borrowed the system of Dagh and Chehra from Allaudin Khalji.
  • Built a city near Yamuna of which sole survivor is Purana Quila.
  • Malik Muhammad Jaisi completed his work Padmavat during his reign.
  • He defeated Humayun in Battle of Chausa (1539) as assumed the title Sher Shah as emperor.
  • In 1540 he defeated Humayun in the battle of Kannauj / Bilgram and annexed Kannauj.
  • He was succeeded by Islam Shah and Islam Shah by Muhammad Adil Shah.

Architecture of Sur Dynasty

  1. Tomb of Sher Shah Suri is in Sasaram, Bihar
  2. Another important monument is Sher Shah’s own tomb. The Purana Qila and the Quila Kohna Masjid inside, are also ascribed to Sher Shah Suri.
  3. Surs made use of red and dark grey stone latticed screens, decorative turrets, painted ceilings and colored tiles
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