Shah Jahan & Aurangzeb

Shah Jahan (1627-58 AD)

  • Earlier known as Khurram.
  • The number of mansabdars doubled from the times of Akbar.
  • Area under cultivation and cash crop production increased during his reign.
  • Stopped the practices of Sijda and Paibos.
  • Bernier, Tavernier and Manucci visited during his reign.
  • Credited with architectural marvels like Taj Mahal made in white marble, Jama Masjid in Delhi built in red sandstone and Moti Masjid.
  • His reign saw a terrible war of succession between Aurangzeb and his brothers Dara and Shuja.

Aurangzeb (1658-1707 AD)

  • He assumed title of Alamgir. He used to issue secular decrees called Zawabits.
  • He adopted a harsh religious policy, put a ban on sati, destroyed Hindu temples and reimposed Jizya. He forbade music in the court practices like Nauroz, Tuladan, Jharokha Darshna and discontinued celebration of Holi and Diwali in Durbar.
  • Despite Aurangzeb being against music, largest number of books on classical Indian music in Persian were written during his time.
  • Executed 9th Sikh Guru Teg Bahadur which led to Sikh revolt and their turning into a warring community.
  • Faced Jat & Satnami uprising. Marathas & Rajputs were opponents of his empire.
  • Constructed Moti Masjid & Rabia Durrani’s tomb.
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