- Origin of Islamic rule started in India with the capture of Sindh by Muhammad Bin Qasim. Singh then was ruled by a king called Raja Dahir. This incident has been captured in the book ‘Chachnama.’
- Mahmud Ghazni invaded India 17 times and captured Punjab. He was given the title of ‘Right Hand of the State’ by the Caliph. He raided towns such as Mathura, Kannauj, Somnath, Thanesar, Nagarkot etc.
Sources of Medieval History
- Arabic was the language of Islamic world, so the earliest available historical writings of the period were written in Arabic.
Facets of Arab Historiography
- History of Age: Their narratives not just focus not just on story of rulers and political happenings but also common man, socio-economic, cultural and religious developments.
- Isnad (chain of narrators): Arab historians narrate every event with
Sources for the Study of Delhi Sultanate
- Al-Beruni: Tarikh-Al-Hind (Indian Philosophy and Religion written in Arabic)
- Minhaj us Siraj: Tabaqat-i-Nasiri (1260) (World Islamic History written in Arabic.
- Ziauddin Barani: Tarikh-i-Firoz Shahi(1357) History of Delhi Sultanate up to Firuz Tughlaq.
- Amir Khusrau: Mifta Ul Futuh (Victories of Jalal-ud-din Khalji); Khazain Ul Futuh (Victories of Allauddin Khalji – Texts in Persian)
- Tughlaq Nama (History of Tughlaq dynasty in Persian)
- Shams-i-Siraj Afif: Tarikh i Firuz Shahi (after Barani’s account of Delhi Sultanate in Persian)
- Ghulam Yahya Bin Ahmad: Tarikh-i-Mubarak Shahi (Written in Persian during the reign of Sayyid ruler Mubarak Shah)
- Ferishta: History of the Muslim Rule in India (Persian)