Is diversity and pluralism in India under threat due to globalisation? Justify your answer.

Sample Answer


India’s rich tapestry of cultures, languages, religions, and traditions signifies a remarkable diversity and pluralism inherent within its societal fabric. However, with the advent of globalisation, characterized by an unimpeded flow of information, goods, and ideas across borders, there’s a growing discourse on whether this multicultural ethos is under siege.


Cultural Homogenization:

  • Global brands and Western lifestyles have burgeoned in India, sometimes overshadowing indigenous cultures and traditions.
  • The burgeoning popularity of global fast-food chains like McDonald’s and KFC could erode traditional culinary practices.

Language Endangerment:

  • The ascendancy of global languages like English poses a threat to many indigenous languages.
  • UNESCO lists several languages from India as endangered, showcasing a dire need for linguistic preservation amidst global pressures.

Economic Disparities:

  • Globalisation can aggravate economic disparities, potentially leading to a stratified society.
  • The burgeoning economic gap can be illustrated by the Gini coefficient trends, which show a divergence in income levels.

Social Cohesion:

  • The external pressures of globalisation might dilute social bonds and community living, hallmarks of Indian society.
  • Instances of xenophobia and intolerance have been reported with an increase in global interactions.

Preservation Efforts:

  • Globalisation also presents opportunities for diaspora communities and others to appreciate and contribute to preserving India’s diverse cultural heritage.
  • Digital platforms like YouTube have emerged as spaces for the celebration and continuation of traditional practices.


The interplay between globalisation and India’s socio-cultural diversity presents both challenges and opportunities. While globalisation threatens to homogenize unique cultural facets, it also opens avenues for global appreciation and preservation of India’s heritage. A balanced approach, promoting indigenous elements alongside embracing global advancements, can help safeguard India’s pluralistic ethos in the globalised era.

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